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Table 4 Complications

From: A preliminary multicenter evaluation of endoscopic sublay repair for ventral hernia from China

  N = 153
Intraoperative complications
 Bleeding 0 (0.00%)
 Visceral injury 1 (0.654%)
Short-term complications
 Wound events 3 (1.96%)
 Seroma 4 (2.61%)
 Hematoma 2 (1.31%)
 Bleeding 2 (1.31%)
 Edema 2 (1.31%)
 Ileus 1 (0.65%)
 Urinary tract infection 2 (1.31%)
 Pneumonia 1 (0.65%)
 Cardiovascular accident 0 (0.00%)
 Deep vein thrombosis 0 (0.00%)
Long-term complications
 Seroma 8a (5.23%)
 Recurrence 1 (0.654%)
 Trocar site hernia 0 (0.00%)
 Wound infection 1 (0.654%)
 Mesh infection 0 (0.00%)
 Ileus 0 (0.00%)
 Delayed intestinal fistulas 0 (0.00%)
 Chronic pain 5 (3.07%)
Overall 29 (19.0%)
  1. a Including four cases whose seroma was not identified within 1 month after surgery