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Case reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

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  1. 46XY partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) is a rare subtype of disorder of sex development (DSD). 46YY PGD is a congenital disease with atypical chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex development. The patient in ...

    Authors: Rui Lin, Nanbin Liu, Xiuyan Wang, Xuyou Zhu, Daojing Huang and Baomin Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:307

    Content type: Case report

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  2. In thyroid surgery, wrong-site surgery (WSS) is considered a rare event and seldom reported in the literature.

    Authors: Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Marco Raffaelli, Rocco Bellantone, Carmela De Crea, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Paolo Miccoli, Gabriele Materazzi, Antonio Ieni, Ettore Caruso, Daqi Zhang and Henning Dralle

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:281

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Ileum obstruction due to internal hernia beneath external iliac artery after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is extremely rare. We reported a case of acute strangulated internal hernia between the left ext...

    Authors: Zhenxing Zhang, Gengyuan Hu, Minfeng Ye, Yu Zhang and Feng Tao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:273

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Intussusception has a low incidence rate in adults. Many cases in adults are caused by tumors. Intussusception results from conditions other than tumors are uncommon. This is the first case report about intuss...

    Authors: Qiang Hu, Yuanshui Sun and Jianfeng Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:271

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:304

  5. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant condition with a high rate of new mutation and variable expression. Diffuse neurofibroma of the epidermis invading deeper organs is rare.We report a case...

    Authors: Xian-shuai Li, Shu-qian He and Xian-guo Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:258

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Phytobezoar formation is a complication of bariatric surgery and mostly occurs after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) operations. Here, we present an extremely rare case of late phytobezoar format...

    Authors: Shayan Aryannezhad, Yasaman Sadeghian, Parvin Shapoori, Majid Valizadeh and Maryam Barzin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:254

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Preperitoneal herniation is a rare complication after transabdominal preperitoneal patch plasty (TAPP) and may be caused by inadequate peritoneal closure. We herein report two cases of postoperative small bowe...

    Authors: Zhenyu Zou, Yilin Zhu, Fan Wang, Jinxin Cao, Yuchen Liu, Huiqi Yang and Minggang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:227

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the ampulla of Vater (AmV) is exceedingly rare with more aggressive behavior and worse prognosis than adenocarcinoma. The finding of ASC at the AmV in combination to the gastri...

    Authors: Shuo Li, Mengqing Sun, Yingxin Wei, Yunlu Feng, Xiaoyan Chang, Yan You, Ziwen Liu and Xianlin Han

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:224

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common epithelial tumor of the esophagus. Upper endoscopy with multiple minimally invasive biopsies should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Leiomyoma of esophagus is r...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab, Safoora Hejazinia and Hossein Saedi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:221

    Content type: Case report

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  10. A novel trauma workflow system called the hybrid emergency room (Hybrid ER), which combines a sliding CT scanner system with interventional radiology features (IVR-CT), was initially instituted in our emergenc...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Fukuki Saito, Kazuhisa Yoshiya, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:219

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Despite increasing acceptance in colorectal surgery, natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery for the treatment of gastric cancer is still in its infancy, especially via the transrectal approach, whi...

    Authors: Haipeng Meng, Jinchao Liu, Hui Xu, Song Wang, Yu Rong, Yanling Xu and Gang Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:218

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Variation of the vertebral artery bifurcation is rare. This branching abnormality can cause unexpected vertebral artery damage and bleeding during thoracoscopic esophagectomy. There are few reports of abnormal...

    Authors: Yuta Sato, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Takeharu Imai, Yuji Hatanaka, Naoki Okumura, Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Takao Takahashi and Kazuhiro Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:217

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Spinal epidural lipomatosis is a rare cause of lumbar spinal stenosis. While conservative therapy is applicable for most of cases, surgical intervention is necessary for severe ones. This is the first time we ...

    Authors: Xiao Han, Derong Xu, ZhiNan Ren, Xin Chen, Zheng Li and Shugang Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:215

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Anastomosis-related complications are common after the radical resection of colon cancer. Among such complications, severe stenosis or completely occluded anastomosis (COA) are uncommon in clinical practice, a...

    Authors: Junnan Gu, Shenghe Deng, Yinghao Cao, Fuwei Mao, Hang Li, Huili Li, Jiliang Wang, Ke Wu and Kailin Cai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:201

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Persistent pancreatic leakage (PL) due to disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome (DPDS) is associated with severe morbidity and mortality and it usually treated with internal drainage. However, in cases without...

    Authors: Kinji Furuya, Tatsuya Oda, Osamu Shimomura, Yusuke Ozawa, Kenichi Iwasaki, Yoshihiro Miyazaki, Manami Doi, Koichi Ogawa, Yohei Owada, Yusuke Ohara, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Yoshimasa Akashi, Katsuji Hisakura, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Jaejeong Kim and Shinji Hashimoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:198

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Free flaps are widely used in maxillofacial reconstruction; however, this approach was not feasible in the current case. It was not possible because the free flap method requires microvascular anastomosis expe...

    Authors: J. F. Sheng, P. Tang, L. Y. Ma, Y. C. Cai, J. Hu, T. Xu, C. L. Liao, C. Deng and C. Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:193

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition observed in patients with some underlying medical or surgical conditions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient wi...

    Authors: Yuki Inagaki, Kohei Matsuo, Yoritaka Nakano and Tadashi Kondo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:191

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Abdominal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pseudocyst is an uncommon but important complication of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts. While individual articles have reported many cases of abdominal CSF pseudocyst foll...

    Authors: Hong-Cai Wang, Yi-Lei Tong, Shi-Wei Li, Mao-Song Chen, Bo-Ding Wang and Hai Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:154

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Situs inversus totalis is a rare anatomical variation of both the thoracic and the abdominal organs. Common bile duct strictures can be caused by malignant and benign diseases as well. 7–18% of the latter ones...

    Authors: K. Eitler, Z. Mathe, V. Papp, A. Zalatnai, A. Bibok, P. A. Deak, L. Kobori and G. Telkes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:153

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Echinococcus is a worldwide zoonosis, primarily causing liver lesions. Accidentally detected, these lesions enter the differential diagnosis of a tumor, including metastasis. This situation is especially chall...

    Authors: Marionna Cathomas, Paolo Abitabile, Rok Dolanc, Christine Glaser and Gieri Cathomas

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:150

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Ganglioneuroma (GN) is ranked by the International Neuroblastoma Pathology Classification as a benign tumor. It can occur anywhere along the sympathetic nerve chain and surgical excision is the treatment of ch...

    Authors: Wagner M. Tavares, Sabrina Araujo de Franca, Amsterdam S. Vasconcelos, David S. L. Parra, Sergio R. R. Araújo and Manoel J. Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:143

    Content type: Case report

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  22. So called “mycotic” aortic aneurysms account for only 0.7 to 1.3% of all aortic aneurysms and are commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella species. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), a live attenua...

    Authors: M. Buerger, S. Kapahnke, S. Omran, M. Schomaker, M. Rief, A. Greiner and J. P. Frese

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:138

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Gall bladder cancer (GBC) is the fifth most common malignancy in the gastrointestinal system and the most common malignancy of the biliary system. GBC is a very aggressive malignancy having a 5 year survival r...

    Authors: Lovenish Bains, Haraesh Maranna, Pawan Lal, Ronal Kori, Daljit Kaur, Varuna Mallya and Veerpal Singh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:133

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Despite profound advances in conservative management of esophageal perforation, patients’ selection for this type of treatment requires expert clinical judgment. Surgical intervention has been historically int...

    Authors: Armin Amirian, Reza Shahriarirad, Parviz Mardani and Maryam Salimi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:129

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Neurofibromatosis comprises neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and type 2 (NF2). Major tumor type of NF1 are neurofibroma recognized as benign peripheral nerve tumor, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Hongfei Cai, Guangchao Lv and Yang Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:128

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is primary cancer of the liver with poor prognosis because of its high potential for recurrence and metastasis. We experienced a rare case of ICC with hematogenous metasta...

    Authors: Yoriko Nomura, Hisamune Sakai, Jun Akiba, Toru Hisaka, Toshihiro Sato, Yuichi Goto, Masanori Akashi, Shogo Fukutomi, Daisuke Muroya, Hiroki Kanno, Shusuke Okamura, Yuta Yano, Hirohisa Yano, Yoshito Akagi and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:122

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Osteopetrosis is a genetic disease characterized by defects in osteoclast formation and function. There were a few cases of subtrochanteric femur fractures treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS) in patients with...

    Authors: Haiqi Ding, Hongjiang Chen, Haiming Lin, Jiankun Xu, Zhonglian Huang, Wensheng Li and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:117

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Sigmoid volvulus is an uncommon problem in children and adolescents, and is rarely considered a diagnosis in this group. A high index of suspicion is necessary to reach a diagnosis and avoid morbidity and mort...

    Authors: Abay Wondimu Gosaye, Temesgen Setato Nane and Tihitena Mammo Negussie

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:109

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Peritoneal recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy occurs rarely, accounting for less than 1% of all recurrences. Reported causes of such dissemination include a history of rupture of th...

    Authors: Hikaru Hayashi, Akira Shimizu, Hiroaki Motoyama, Koji Kubota, Tsuyoshi Notake, Shinsuke Sugenoya, Kiyotaka Hosoda, Koya Yasukawa, Ryoichiro Kobayashi and Yuji Soejima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:107

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Breast augmentation with polyacrylamide gel (PAAG) injection was approved in China in 1998 and later banned in 2006. The ban ensued numerous complaints from patients such as pain, induration, deformation, infe...

    Authors: Bin Wang, Jiaming Sun and Jing Tong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:104

    Content type: Case report

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  31. A pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare condition that is associated with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). Few reports have described managing PAVMs using uniportal video-assisted thorac...

    Authors: R. Li, Y. Zhou, S. Kang, F. Kong, L. Guan, Y. Zhao and X. Yin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:101

    Content type: Case report

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  32. It is important to understand the branching pattern of the celiac artery for a safe surgery. Various branching anomalies of the celiac artery were classified by Adachi in 1928. In Adachi’s classification, type...

    Authors: Takayoshi Kishino, Kensuke Kumamoto, Akihiro Kondo, Seiji Noge, Yasuhisa Ando, Jun Uemura, Hironobu Suto, Eisuke Asano, Minoru Oshima, Hisashi Usuki, Keiichi Okano and Yasuyuki Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:99

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) with multiple pathological types is extremely rare in the clinic, but the recurrence rate and mortality these patients are high. At present, there is no standard...

    Authors: Shangqing Ren, Hualin Feng, Yige Bao, Yi Wei, Yong Ou, Yaoqian Wang, Qian Lv, Shan Zhong, Fang Zhou, Shida Fan, Qiang Wang, Cheng Luo, Zhengjun Chen, Yu Nie and Dong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:96

    Content type: Case report

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