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Case reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

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  1. The common complications of radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy usually include wound infection, hemorrhage or hematomas, lymphocele, uretheral injury, ileus and incisional hernias. However, intern...

    Authors: Wen Ai, Zhihua Liang, Feng Li and Haihua Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:312

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Hemobilia occurs mainly due to iatrogenic factors such as impairment of the right hepatic or cystic artery, and/or common bile duct in hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery. However, little or no cases with hemobil...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Yoshida, Yuzo Umeda, Masaya Iwamuro, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Hironari Kato, Mayu Uka, Yusuke Matsui, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takashi Kuise, Kazuya Yasui, Kosei Takagi, Hiroyuki Araki, Takahito Yagi and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:307

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Paragangliomas (PGLs) are extremely rare neuroendocrine tumours arising from extra-adrenal chromaffin cells. PGLs are clinically rare, difficult to diagnose and usually require surgical intervention. PGLs most...

    Authors: Yanliang Yang, Guangzhi Wang, Haofeng Lu, Yaqing Liu, Shili Ning and Fuwen Luo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:304

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Leiomyosarcoma usually develops in the myometrium and is characterized by a high recurrence rate, frequent hematogenous dissemination, and poor prognosis. Metastasis is usually to lungs, liver, and bone, and o...

    Authors: Fiorella Cazzato, Angela D’Ercole, Graziano De Luca, Francesca B. Aiello and Adelchi Croce

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:297

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Sacrococcygeal teratomas are tumors originating from pluripotent embryonic germ cell layers located in the fetal coccyx. These tumors are highly vascular if they undergo malignant transformation. Typically, th...

    Authors: Esubalew T. Mindaye, Mulugeta Kassahun, Sarah Prager and Tesfaye H. Tufa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:295

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Pulmonary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome that mainly occurs in patients with lung cancer. Most symptoms occur symmetrically, and unilateral symptoms without clubbing are ...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:293

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, originating from vascular endothelial cells, accounting for approximatively 1–2% of soft tissue sarcomas. It is characterized by a rapid proliferation and high metastati...

    Authors: Stefano Presacco, Amedea L. Agnes, Sabina Magalini, Arnaldo Carbone, Maurizio Martini and Annamaria Agnes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:291

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Schwannomas are nerve sheath tumors that commonly originate from the stomach and small intestine. A primary schwannoma of the diaphragm is rare and does not show any symptoms until it grows to a certain size. ...

    Authors: Ayako Kamiya, Yukinori Yamagata, Hiroshi Yoshida, Kenichi Ishizu, Takeyuki Wada, Tsutomu Hayashi, Sho Otsuki, Takaki Yoshikawa and Hitoshi Katai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:289

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The sternum is considered an unusual tumor site, corresponding to 15% of all thoracic wall tumors. Primary sternal tumors are even rarer and most commonly malignant. We present the case of a young man who cons...

    Authors: Liliana Fernández-Trujillo, Saveria Sangiovanni, Eliana I. Morales, Valeria Marin, Luz F. Sua and Mauricio Velasquez

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:288

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Gardner syndrome is a subtype of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), characterized by a combination of adenomatous intestinal polyps and extracolonic lesions such as multiple osteomas, dental abnormalities, ...

    Authors: Liquan Jin, Yunbo Tan, Ziting Su, Shan Huang, Sita Pokhrel, Hongbo Shi and Yiming Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:282

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Bezoars are collections of indigestible material in the gastrointestinal tract, mostly described in children. Polyurethane “plastobezoars” consisting of composites used in the construction industry are rarely ...

    Authors: Krzysztof Ziaja, Jerzy Chudek, Aleksander Chlubek, Mariola Sznapka, Tomasz Toborek and Damian Ziaja

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:281

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Ewing sarcoma (ES) or primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) represents a spectrum of poorly differentiated and aggressive malignancies. It rarely arises from the kidney and accounts for less than 1% of renal...

    Authors: Li Cheng, Yujie Xu, Hong Song, Houbao Huang and Dong Zhuo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:280

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Metastatic germ cell cancer of the testis is characterized by favorable prognosis since effective treatment methods are available even in cases of extensive disease. Retroperitoneal masses frequently encroach ...

    Authors: S. Hulova, R. Aziri, I. Vulev, P. Palacka, G. Kolnikova, K. Rejlekova, M. Chovanec, J. Mardiak, D. Pindak and M. Mego

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:272

    Content type: Case report

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  14. An epithelial cyst in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen (ECIPAS) is rare. We report a case of ECIPAS that was treated with robot-assisted distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy.

    Authors: Tomokatsu Kato, Yoichi Matsuo, Goro Ueda, Yoshinaga Aoyama, Kan Omi, Yuichi Hayashi, Hiroyuki Imafuji, Kenta Saito, Ken Tsuboi, Mamoru Morimoto, Ryo Ogawa, Hiroki Takahashi, Hiroyuki Kato, Michihiro Yoshida, Itaru Naitoh, Kazuki Hayashi…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:263

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Angiodysplasia of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare vascular pathology that sometimes causes massive hemorrhage. Angiodysplasias are particularly difficult to find in the small intestine for anatomical reas...

    Authors: Hitoshi Hara, Soji Ozawa, Kazuhito Nabeshima and Jun Koizumi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:262

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) generally has a good prognosis and rarely results in liver transplantation. Furthermore, there are few reports of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for IPH with ext...

    Authors: Shigeyuki Kawachi, Naokazu Chiba, Masashi Nakagawa, Toshimichi Kobayashi, Kosuke Hikita, Toru Sano, Koichi Tomita, Hiroshi Hirano, Yuta Abe, Hideaki Obara and Motohide Shimazu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:257

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Accessory renal artery (ARA) is the most common site for anatomical variation of renal supply artery. Rare studies reported interventional embolization for the management of massive hemorrhage caused by ARA in...

    Authors: Dong Liang, Hui Zhang, Min Yang, Hong Ji, Gang Chen, Ning Yu and Xiaomin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:256

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Double primary cancers have a low incidence rate, and synchronous hepatocellular carcinoma and gallbladder adenocarcinoma are rarely reported. Here, we report such a case— the 12th case of synchronous double p...

    Authors: Yan Xu, Quan-Ning Chen, Hui Wang, Nan-Bin Liu and Bao-Min Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:246

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Although spinal schwannomas generally grow very slowly, it has been reported that these clinical growths and their associated neurological symptoms accelerate during pregnancy. Because these cases are rare, su...

    Authors: Koki Kawaguchi, Koji Akeda, Norihiko Takegami, Tatsuya Kurata, Kuniaki Toriyabe, Tomoaki Ikeda and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:245

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Acute abdominal wall hernia complications usually require a prompt surgical treatment. The aim of this case series is to report our experience with some unusual cases of apparent acute and subacute hernia comp...

    Authors: Michela Zanatta, Giovanna Brancato, Guido Basile, Francesco Basile and Marcello Donati

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:239

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Pneumoperitoneum to maintain a constant gas flow to assist various surgeries is known to cause severe bradycardia and has been linked to heart failure;; however, a recent study demonstrated that it is not link...

    Authors: Fumito Yamabe, Yozo Mitsui, Orie Hoshino, Tomo Shimizu, Mizuki Kasahara, Hideyuki Kobayashi and Koichi Nakajima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:238

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The management for subacute or chronic fistula after bariatric surgery is very complicated and with no standard protocol yet. It is also an Achilles’ heel of all bariatric surgery. The aim of this case report ...

    Authors: Hung-Hsuan Yen, Yu-Ting Lin, Jin-Ming Wu, Kao-Lang Liu and Ming-Tsan Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:231

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Spontaneous gas-forming pyogenic liver abscess (GFPLA) is a rare complication with a high fatality rate in spite of aggressive management. Clinical spectrum of GFPLA can mimic hollow viscus perforation as it u...

    Authors: Thuong Pham Van, Son Vu Ngoc, Ngoc Anh Nguyen Hoang, Doan Hoang Huu and Tung Anh Dinh Duong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:228

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Immunosuppressed patients, including individuals with organ transplantation, have been among susceptible groups with regard to COVID-19, on the other hand pediatric patients more commonly undergo a mild clinic...

    Authors: Hamed Nikoupour, Kourosh Kazemi, Peyman Arasteh, Saba Ghazimoghadam, Hesameddin Eghlimi, Naghi Dara, Siavash Gholami and Saman Nikeghbalian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:224

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Splenic rupture is an emergency condition and a vast number of cases are secondary to trauma. Several underlying pathologies have also been associated with splenic rupture, such as hematological diseases, mali...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Mobayen, Saeed Yousefi, Mohammadsadegh Mousavi and Amin Shafighi Anbaran

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:220

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Gastrointestinal injury following blunt abdominal trauma is uncommon; a combined stomach and duodenal perforating injury is even more rare. Because these two organs are located in different spaces in the abdom...

    Authors: Chun-Chi Lai, Hung-Chang Huang and Ray-Jade Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:217

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Acquired Hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding diathesis in patients with no previous personal or family bleeding history. The diagnosis of this disease often delays due to unfamiliarity of physicians with it,...

    Authors: Umar Zeb Khan, Xiangwu Yang, Matiullah Masroor, Abdul Aziz, Hui Yi and Hai Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:213

    Content type: Case report

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  28. We present a living donor case with an unexpected large-volume pneumothorax diagnosed using lung ultrasound during a laparoscopic hepatectomy for liver transplantation (LT).

    Authors: Min Suk Chae, Jueun Kwak, Kyungmoon Roh, Minhee Kim, Sungeun Park, Ho Joong Choi, Jaesik Park, Jung-Woo Shim, Hyung Mook Lee, Yong-Suk Kim, Young Eun Moon and Sang Hyun Hong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:206

    Content type: Case report

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  29. To reduce the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak, clinicians utilize a filling material placed in the sella followed by floor reconstruction with various materials, including glue sealing. Cyano-acrylic glue Glu...

    Authors: Majid Bani-Ata, Firas Alzoubi, Bashar Abuzayed, Ala”a A. Alhowary and Abdelwahab J. Aleshawi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:205

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Intrapulmonary teratoma (IPT) is a rare type of extra gonadal teratoma which often presents with non-specific symptoms and can be misdiagnosed as other diseases. Here we report a patient with IPT which was ini...

    Authors: Parviz Mardani, Reyhaneh Naseri, Armin Amirian, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Damoun Fouladi and Keivan Ranjbar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:203

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Staphylococcus caprae (Sc) is an uncommon causative organism for human. Lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis (LPS) of Sc is extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported. As far as we know, there is no sp...

    Authors: Zihan Fan, Yong Yang, Dong Li and Qi Fei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:200

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Vaginal vault prolapse is the most frequent long-term complication in patients undergoing hysterectomy and sacralcolpopexy is considered the gold standard. We report our surgical strategy maintaining single-ar...

    Authors: Federico Romano, Andrea Sartore, Denise Mordeglia, Giovanni Di Lorenzo, Guglielmo Stabile and Giuseppe Ricci

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:199

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Intussusception is a form of intestinal obstruction in which a segment of the bowel prolapses into a more distal segment. It is an uncommon condition in children older than 2 years and causes intestinal obstru...

    Authors: Ahmad Sankari Tarabishi, Ziad Aljarad, Baraa Shebli, Ahmad Humam Masri, Rami Anadani, Muhammad Besher Shabouk and Mazen Trissi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:198

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Idiopathic chronic ulcerative enteritis (ICUE) is a very rare disease with high mortality. Because of clinical rarity, several small case reports have been published and there is a lack of large sample study. ...

    Authors: Chang-Yeon Jung and Jung-Min Bae

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:196

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The windswept lower limb deformity describes valgus deformity in one leg with varus deformity in the other. It is mostly seen in young children with metabolic bone diseases (such as rickets) and may lead to le...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Qiang Zou, Yueming Song, Limin Liu and Chunguang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:195

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Phyllodes tumors (PTs) are well known for local recurrence and progression. Less than 10% of these tumors grow larger than 10 cm. Distant metastases have been reported in up to 22% of malignant PTs, with most ...

    Authors: Hui-Pu Liu, Wen-Yen Chang, Chin-Wen Hsu, Shan-Tao Chien, Zheng-Yi Huang, Wen-Ching Kung and Ping-Hung Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:187

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Cavernous hemangioma, as a rare tumor, is difficult to differentiate from retroperitoneal lymphoma and paraganglioma. They are more difficult to excise completely through open surgery and traditional laparosco...

    Authors: Zheng-Jun Chen, Dong Wang, Shi-Da Fan, Shang-Qing Ren, Fang Zhou, Yu Nie, Qian Lv and Jing-Zhi Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:186

    Content type: Case report

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  38. The clinical incidence of appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma is low. Moreover, the case reports of postoperative relapse after surgery are rarely based on literature search results. Here, we report such a cas...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Jun-Wen Ye, Xiao-ping Tan, Xiang Peng, Yan Zhang, Jing-Lin Liang and Mei-Jin Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Laryngeal rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) mainly occurred in children, while were extremely rare in adults. Consequently, less information was available to guide clinicians to manage adult RMSs in larynx.

    Authors: Juanjuan Hu, Dan Lu, Jia Ren, Qiao Wen, Jing Zhou, Weigang Gan, Jun Liu, Shixi Liu, Hui Yang and Jian Zou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:173

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue malignancy that frequently affects the extremities, adjacent to the large joints. Synovial sarcoma has a high rate of distant metastasis; however, pancreatic metastasis is ext...

    Authors: Takahiro Yokose, Minoru Kitago, Go Oshima, Kodai Abe, Yohei Masugi, Eisuke Miura, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Yohji Matsusaka, Yutaka Endo, Kenji Toyama, Shigeo Okuda and Yuko Kitagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:175

    Content type: Case report

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