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Trauma care and orthopedic surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of trauma surgery and general orthopedic surgery including traumatic brain injury, submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare but feared complication in hand surgery. Although multimodal therapy concepts are recommended, there is only low evidence on efficacy of such approaches. Further...

    Authors: D. Kotsougiani-Fischer, J. S. Choi, J. S. Oh-Fischer, Y. F. Diehm, V. F. Haug, L. Harhaus, E. Gazyakan, C. Hirche, U. Kneser and S. Fischer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:306

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Atlantoaxial fusion has been widely used for the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI). However, atlantoaxial fusion sacrifices the motion of atlantoaxial articulation, and postoperative loss of cervical...

    Authors: Byeong Jin Ha, Yu Deok Won, Je Il Ryu, Myung-Hoon Han, Jin Hwan Cheong, Jae Min Kim, Hyoung-Joon Chun, Koang-Hum Bak and In-Suk Bae

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:269

    Content type: Research article

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  3. It is rare that drains cannot be removed after surgery, however, this situation cannot be completely avoided, and is also hard to deal with. The main reason for a tethered drain is inadvertent suture fixation....

    Authors: Hui Li, Yan Du, Jia-bin Wu, Pan Wang, Jun Yang, Ping Hu and Tao Ai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:264

    Content type: Technical advance

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  4. Blunt abdominal traumas are often associated with intra-abdominal injuries and pelvic fractures. Traumatic abdominal wall hernias due to disruption of the abdominal wall muscles may be overlooked. Delayed diag...

    Authors: Leïlani Delaune, Sylvain Steinmetz, Hafize Heutschi-Öztürk and Olivier Borens

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:253

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Surgical fixation is recommended for type II and III odontoid fractures (OFx) with major translation of the odontoid fragment, regardless of the patient’s age, and for all type II OFx in patients aged ≥50 year...

    Authors: Syed Ali Mujtaba Rizvi, Eirik Helseth, Pål Rønning, Jalal Mirzamohammadi, Marianne Efskind Harr, Tor Brommeland, Mads Aarhus, Christina Teisner Høstmælingen, Håvard Ølstørn, Pål Nicolay Fougner Rydning, Magnus Mejlænder-Evjensvold, Nils Christian Utheim and Hege Linnerud

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:236

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The incidence of fractures around the femoral prosthesis among patients undergoing hip arthroplasty is increasing and has become the third leading cause of hip revision. While numerous methods for the surgical...

    Authors: Jian-Ning Sun, Yu Zhang, Ye Zhang, Jia-Ming Zhang, Xiang-Yang Chen and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The bony fusion of allograft bone using titanium mesh in the posterior-only surgical treatment of thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis has not been explained in detail. We aimed to analyze the effica...

    Authors: Bingjin Wang, Wenbin Hua, Wencan Ke, Yukun Zhang, Xianlin Zeng and Cao Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In children, fracture non-union is uncommon yet, curiously, non-union of distal fibula fractures are rarely reported. Historically, the most common treatment of a lateral malleolus fracture after an ankle spra...

    Authors: Marco Turati, Giulio Leone, Nicolò Zanchi, Robert J. Omeljaniuk, Lilia Brahim, Giovanni Zatti, Aurélien Courvoisier and Marco Bigoni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:125

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Despite being a preventable complication of surgical procedures, surgical site infections (SSIs) continue to threaten public health with significant impacts on the patients and the health-care human and financ...

    Authors: Wondimeneh Shibabaw Shiferaw, Yared Asmare Aynalem, Tadesse Yirga Akalu and Pammla Margaret Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Long term results of endovascular coiling are yet scarce. This study reviews the impact of comorbidities on the success of endovascular coiling of both ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Endovascu...

    Authors: Saima Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Most contemporary studies suggested that intersegmental parameters including disc height and local lordosis contribute to the sagittal balance of fused lumbar. Although similar clinical outcomes following MIS-...

    Authors: Fuping Li, Chen Li, Xin Xi, Zhili Zeng, Bin Ma, Ning Xie, Hang Wang, Yan Yu and Liming Cheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture (OTLBF) is common in seniors. Due to the fracture of the posterior vertebra and spinal canal occupancy, the risk of cement leakage and spine injury is high in OTLBF pa...

    Authors: Xuan-geng Deng, Xiao-ming Xiong, Dun Wan, Hua-gang Shi, Guo-long Mei and Wei Cui

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) has become an important minimally invasive surgical technique for fracture stabilization and pain relief in patients with vertebral compression fractures. However, intraspinal ce...

    Authors: Ziquan Li, Keyi Yu, Xiao Chang, Siyi Cai, Jun Gao and Yipeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:74

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between obesity and the presence of secondary surgery following neurolysis, direct nerve repair, or nerve grafting in patients with traumatic brach...

    Authors: Pichitchai Atthakomol, Kamilcan Oflazoglu, Kyle R. Eberlin, Jonathan Winograd, Neal C. Chen and Sang-Gil Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The development of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) following ACDF is well established. There is no analytical study related to effects of plate profile on the biomechanics of the adjacent-level after ACDF....

    Authors: Xin-Feng Li, Lin-Yu Jin, Chao-Ge Liang, Hong-Ling Yin and Xiao-Xing Song

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) causes physiological, metabolic, end-organ and inflammatory changes that need to be addressed for better management of severely injured patient...

    Authors: Mitra Sadeghi, Emanuel M. Dogan, Christina Karlsson, Kjell Jansson, Jenny Seilitz, Per Skoog, Tal M. Hörer and Kristofer F. Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between lumbar multifidus fat infiltration and lumbar postoperative surgical site infection (SSI). Several clinical studies have found that spine postop...

    Authors: Chaohui Sang, Xushi Chen, Hailong Ren, Zhandong Meng, Jianming Jiang and Yi Qin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Nonfusion fixation is an effective way to treat lumbar degeneration. In the present study, we analyzed the clinical effects and radiographic outcomes of the Isobar TTL system used to treat two-segment lumbar d...

    Authors: Zhi-Sheng Ji, Hua Yang, Yu-Hao Yang, Shao-Jin Li, Jian-Xian Luo, Guo-Wei Zhang and Hong-Sheng Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Vertebral compression fracture is one of the most common complications of osteoporosis. In this study an unilateral curved vertebroplasty device was developed, and the safety, effectiveness, and surgical param...

    Authors: Rui Zhong, Jianheng Liu, Runsheng Wang, Yihao Liu, Binbin Chen, Wei Jiang, Keya Mao and Peifu Tang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  20. When restoring the appearance and function of the fingers, hand surgeons face a challenge in choosing a suitable surgical method to repair finger skin defects.

    Authors: Haoliang Hu, Hong Chen, Jinjiong Hong, Weisheng Mao, Mintao Tian, Liping Wang, Jianghui Dong and Xueyuan Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Although various studies have described the outcomes and complications of each treatment for OF 4 in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment r...

    Authors: Weiyang Zhong, Xinjie Liang, Xiaoji Luo and Zhengxue Quan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a procedure performed by a spine surgeon who undergoes either orthopedic or neurosurgical training. The relationship between short-term adverse outcomes and spine specialty is...

    Authors: Kejia Hu, Motao Liu, Amy J. Wang, Gexin Zhao, Yuhao Sun, Chaoqun Yang, Yiwang Zhang, Matthew M. Hutter, Dehong Feng, Bomin Sun and Ziv Williams

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Wound-related complications are an inevitable issue faced by spinal surgeons. Negative pressure drainage remains the most commonly used method to prevent postoperative hematoma and related complications. This ...

    Authors: Wu Sun, Jing-hua Gao, Li-guo Zhu, Wei Xiao, Zhen-zhong Wang, Ke-xin Yang, Qing Zhang and Bao-jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Surgery remains the main curative option for the treatment of intraspinal tumour. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the clinical outcomes of laminoplasty with process-lamina complex replantation ...

    Authors: Zhaojun Song, Zhi Zhang, Yongjie Ye, Jiazhuang Zheng and Fandong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Depending on the location of the herniated disc at the shoulder, axilla, or ventral side of the compression nerve root, various puncture sites and channel entrances were selected so that the goal of targeted r...

    Authors: Weijun Kong, Taiyong Chen, Sheng Ye, Fujun Wu and Yueming Song

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:124

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The present study evaluated the clinical outcomes and safety of expansive open-door laminoplasty, when securing with C4 – C6 lateral mass screw and fusion.

    Authors: Nan Su, Qi Fei, Bing-Qiang Wang, Nan Kang, Qing-Ming Zhang, He-Hu Tang, Dong Li, Jin-Jun Li and Yong Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:116

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Reconstruction of mandibular continuity and function after tumor resection is challenging, particularly in cases including the mandibular condyle. Various approaches for reconstruction after disarticulation re...

    Authors: Pit Jacob Voss, David Steybe, Marc Anton Fuessinger, Wiebke Semper-Hogg, Marc Metzger, Rainer Schmelzeisen and Philipp Poxleitner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:67

    Content type: Technical advance

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  28. Traumatic avulsion injuries to the anus, although uncommon, can result in serious complications and even death. Management of anal avulsion injuries remains controversial and challenging. This study aimed to i...

    Authors: Fu Xing Hu, Xiao Xuan Hu, Xue Lin Yang, Xing Hai Han, Yong Bo Xu, Kun Li, Li Yan and Hai Bo Chu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:65

    Content type: Research article

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  29. However, the application of limb salvage with joint preservation is controversial. The purpose of this study is to propose a selection strategy of joint-sparing operative procedures for humeral malignancies ba...

    Authors: Jie Zhao, Ming Xu, Kai Zheng and Xiuchun Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:57

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The indications for sacroiliac screw (SI) removal have been under debate. Data on complication rates of SI screw removal is missing in the current literature. The objective of this study was to compare the rat...

    Authors: Georg Osterhoff, Jonas Noser, Kai Sprengel, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture is a common surgical procedure. A number of distinct approaches are used to access the hip joint. The most commonly used are the direct lateral approach (DLA), and the posteri...

    Authors: James Fullam, Paraskevas G. Theodosi, John Charity and Victoria A. Goodwin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:32

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Several studies have emphasized the importance of restoring thoracic kyphosis (TK) in the setting of AIS, but very few have discussed changes in cervical spine alignment following surgery. Aim of this study wa...

    Authors: W. Pepke, H. Almansour, R. Lafage, B. G. Diebo, B. Wiedenhöfer, F. Schwab, V. Lafage and M. Akbar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:7

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Blunt pelvic injuries are often associated with pelvic fractures and injuries to the rectum and genitourinary tract. Pelvic fractures can lead to life-threatening hemorrhage, which is a common cause of morbidi...

    Authors: Myoung Jun Kim, Jae Gil Lee and Seung Hwan Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:101

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Over-aggressive intravenous fluid therapy with crystalloids has adverse effects in trauma patients. We assessed the role of large-volume (≥5l) administration of crystalloids within 24h of injury as an independ...

    Authors: D.G. Jones, J. Nantais, J. B. Rezende-Neto, S. Yazdani, P. Vegas and S. Rizoli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:93

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A wide variety of hemostats are available as adjunctive measures to improve hemostasis during surgical procedures if residual bleeding persists despite correct application of conventional methods for hemorrhag...

    Authors: Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Giovanni Bellanova, Massimo Chiarugi, Andrea Mingoli, Giorgio Olivero, Sergio Ribaldi, Gregorio Tugnoli, Silvia Basilicò, Francesca Bindi, Laura Briani, Federica Renzi, Piero Chirletti, Giuseppe Di Grezia, Antonio Martino, Rinaldo Marzaioli…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:68

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Coated polyglactin 910 suture with chlorhexidine (NEOSORB® Plus) has recently been developed to imbue the parent suture with antibacterial activity against organisms that commonly cause surgical site infection...

    Authors: Bum Sik Tae, Ju Hyun Park, Jung Kwon Kim, Ja Hyeon Ku, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim and Chang Wook Jeong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:45

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Delayed reconstruction of acetabular fractures remains a challenging task for orthopedists because of malunion, fracture line absorption, and scar formation. Accurate osteotomy, interfragmentary release, and p...

    Authors: Xi Zhou, Qiang Zhang, Wenhao Song, Dongsheng Zhou and Yu He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:30

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The aim of this study was to introduce a novel intraoperative lateral ankle dislocation approach during surgical treatment for patients with unstable trimalleolar fractures involving posterior ankle comminuted...

    Authors: Wenzhao Xing, Peng Xie, Linjie Wang, Changcheng Liu, Jian Cui, Zhiguo Zhang and Liang Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:23

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Here we report a rare case of lumbar spine epidural abscess and facet joint septic arthritis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae, which had spread to the iliopsoas muscles, leading to urine retention.

    Authors: Costansia Bureta, Hiroyuki Tominaga, Takuya Yamamoto, Takao Setoguchi, Hideki Kawamura, Satoshi Nagano, Ichiro Kawamura, Masahiko Abematsu, Hironori Kakoi, Yasuhiro Ishidou and Setsuro Komiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:16

    Content type: Case report

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