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Visceral and general surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of visceral surgery and general surgeries not covered by other sections. Submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Chronic strictures following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) are a troublesome complication that can lead to significant morbidity. The use of stents has been described but the need for X-ray and risk of migra...

    Authors: Adam Peter Skidmore

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:314

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  2. For colorectal liver metastases, surgery is a high-risk procedure due to perioperative morbidity. The objective was to assess severity of complications after fast-track liver surgery for colorectal liver metas...

    Authors: Charlotte Egeland, Andreas Arendtsen Rostved, Nicolai Aagaard Schultz, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Thomas Røjkjær Daugaard, Line Buch Thøfner, Allan Rasmussen and Jens G. Hillingsø

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Proximal gastrectomy acts as a function-preserving operation for upper-third gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term surgical outcomes between proximal gastrectomy with gastric tube...

    Authors: Zhiguo Li, Yan Ma, Guiting Liu, Ming Fang and Yingwei Xue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:249

    Content type: Research article

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  4. En bloc right hemicolectomy with pancreatoduodenectomy (RHCPD) is the optimum treatment to achieve the adequate margin of resection (R0) for locally advanced right-sided colon cancer with duodenal invasion. In...

    Authors: Xiao-Luan Yan, Kun Wang, Quan Bao, Hong-Wei Wang, Ke-min Jin, Jun-Yun Wang and Bao-Cai Xing

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Anastomotic leakage is one of the most serious postoperative complications of rectal cancer. Prophylactic ileostomy has been widely used to reduce the risk and severity of complications of anastomotic leakage....

    Authors: Dongxiao Bai, Lei Li, Zhiling Shen, Tianchen Huang, Qingbing Wang, Yanjun Wang, Yong Zhang, Zhipeng Guo, Kan Li and Jian an Xiao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:300

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bariatric surgery may be indicated in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to achieve and maintain the degree of weight loss required to ensure therapeutic effects. However, bariatric surgery...

    Authors: Luyang Wei, Mengyi Li, Na Zeng, Yang Liu, Rixing Bai, Nengwei Zhang, Jinghai Song, Pin Zhang, Qiyuan Yao, Zhenghan Yang, Xinyan Zhao, Yun Zhang, Peng Zhang and Zhongtao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:298

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammation of the nose and the paranasal sinuses. Intractable CRS cases are generally treated with endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Although the effect of ESS on CRS s...

    Authors: Salma S. Al Sharhan, Mohammed H. Al Bar, Shahad Y. Assiri, Assayl R. AlOtiabi, Deemah M. Bin-Nooh, Fozia K. AlSugair, Nada F. AlRashidi, Abdulmalik S. AlSaied and Amal A. Alghamdi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:288

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To describe the short-term outcomes of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) for uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) in patients with severe prolapse.

    Authors: Zhiying Lu, Yisong Chen, Xiaojuan Wang, Junwei Li, Keqin Hua and Changdong Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Until now, several classification staging system and treatment algorithm for hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) has been presented. However, anatomical location is not taken into account in these staging systems. T...

    Authors: Wei Qin, Li Wang, Beiyuan Hu, Huan Tian, Cuicui Xiao, Huanxian Luo and Yang Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To present a surgical technique of single-incision laparoscopic-assisted endorectal pull-through (SILEP) with suspension sutures using conventional instruments for Hirschsprung disease (HD) and its long-term f...

    Authors: Liem Thanh Nguyen, Anh Tho Nguyen, Quang Thanh Nguyen, Quynh Anh Tran, Hau Duc Bui and Hien Duy Pham

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:274

    Content type: Technical advance

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  11. A case report of two patients who underwent auxiliary liver transplantation and two staged hepatectomy was recently published in BMC Surgery. The surgical technique utilised is described as novel but has been ...

    Authors: Pål-Dag Line, Silvio Nadalin and Deniz Balci

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:268

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:166

  12. Rectal resection surgery is often followed by a loop ileostomy creation. Despite improvements in surgical technique and development of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols, the readmission-rate aft...

    Authors: Johanna Van Butsele, Gabriele Bislenghi, André D’Hoore and Albert M. Wolthuis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:267

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A new device has been added to the Chinese MicroHand surgical robot family, developed based on the successful application of control algorithms. As a benefit of using these specialized control algorithms, the ...

    Authors: Weizheng Li, Kang Kong, Pengzhou Li, Guohui Wang, Beibei Cui, Liyong Zhu and Shaihong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Robot-assisted laparoscopic transverse colon tumor surgery requires precise tumor localization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of nano-carbon and titanium clip combination la...

    Authors: Nan Lin, Jiandong Qiu, Junchuan Song, Changwei Yu, Yongchao Fang, Weihang Wu, Weijin Yang and Yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:257

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Prevention of incisional hernias with a prophylactic mesh in emergency surgery is controversial. The present study aimed to analyze the long-term results of prophylactic mesh used for preventing incisional her...

    Authors: A. Bravo-Salva, N. Argudo-Aguirre, A. M. González-Castillo, E. Membrilla-Fernandez, J. J. Sancho-Insenser, L. Grande-Posa, M. Pera-Román and J. A. Pereira-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:243

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically influenced the delivery of healthcare. In line with the UK Royal Colleges’ advice the management of acute appendicitis (AA) changed with greater consideration for non-operati...

    Authors: Heather C. M. Pringle, Urszula Donigiewicz, Melissa-Rose Bennett, Eleanor Walker, George E. Fowler, Sunil Narang, Susan Ball and Robert M. Bethune

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:242

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Internal hernias occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) when small bowel herniates into the intermesenteric spaces that have been created. The closure technique used is related to the internal her...

    Authors: Adam Skidmore and Edo O. Aarts

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:236

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:301

  18. The aim of this study is to clarify the feasibility and effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on comorbidities, graft function and quality of life in patients who underwent renal transplantation (RT).

    Authors: Naif A. AlEnazi, Khaled S. Ahmad, Ilham A. Elsamahy and Mohamed S. Essa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:235

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Previous research on parastomal hernia repair following ileal conduit urinary diversion is limited. This nationwide cohort study aims to present the results of keyhole and Sugarbaker techniques in parastomal h...

    Authors: Elisa Mäkäräinen-Uhlbäck, Jaana Vironen, Markku Vaarala, Pia Nordström, Anu Välikoski, Jyrki Kössi, Ville Falenius, Aristotelis Kechagias, Anne Mattila, Pasi Ohtonen, Tom Scheinin and Tero Rautio

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:231

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Conservative surgery has proven advantageous in controlling hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) and preserving speech and swallowing function in carefully selected patients, typically with early T-st...

    Authors: Wenming Li, Dongmin Wei, Ye Qian, Shengda Cao, Dayu Liu, Dapeng Lei and Xinliang Pan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:230

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Enhanced Recovery Surgical Programs were initially applied to colorectal procedures and used as multimodal approach to relieve the response to surgical stress. An important factor that negatively impacts the s...

    Authors: Fábio Lopes de Queiroz, Antonio Lacerda-Filho, Adriana Cherem Alves, Fábio Henrique de Oliveira, Paulo Rocha França Neto and Rodrigo de Almeida Paiva

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:229

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Forearm autotransplantation after parathyroidectomy has turned into the standard method for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) treatment in chronic kidney disease patients. Our study aimed to explore the eff...

    Authors: Bin Zhou, Lei Zhu, Cheng Xiang, Feng Cheng, Xi Zhu, Yi Zhou and Yong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:226

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Postoperative peritoneal adhesion (PPA) is regarded as fibrous bands connecting both injured abdominal wall and organs or adjacent tissues. It is associated with T helper (Th)1 and Th2 differentiation. However...

    Authors: Lili Yang, Ziyu Lian, Bin Zhang, Zhengjun Li, Li Zeng, Wenlin Li and Yaoyao Bian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Little was know about the association between the CHA2DS2-VASc score and postoperative outcomes. Our purpose is to evaluate the effects of CHA2DS2-VASc score on the perioperative outcomes in patients with atri...

    Authors: Li-Chin Sung, Chih-Chung Liu, Chao-Shun Lin, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Yih-Giun Cherng, Ta-Liang Chen and Chien-Chang Liao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Burst abdomen (BA) is a severe complication after abdominal surgery, which often requires urgent repair. However, evidence on surgical techniques to prevent burst abdomen recurrence (BAR) is scarce.

    Authors: Matthias Mehdorn, Linda Groos, Woubet Kassahun, Boris Jansen-Winkeln, Ines Gockel and Yusef Moulla

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Although conventional laparoscopy has gradually accepted as a surgical treatment for ovarian cancer, reducing the port numbers of laparoscopy still has great challenge for larger ovarian tumors. Thus, this stu...

    Authors: Xiaoying Wang and Yan Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Postoperative hypoparathyroidism is the main reason for outpatient follow-up and long-term oral calcium and calcitriol treatment. Our study investigated the influencing factors and powerful predictors of short...

    Authors: Duntao Su, Fada Xia, Wanze Huang, Zhejia Zhang, Ning Bai, Di Wang, Xin Liao and Xinying Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Uveitic glaucoma commonly leads to a more intense optic nerve damage than other types of glaucoma, causing glaucomatous optic nerves and visual field defects. Anterior uveitis is the most commonly associated r...

    Authors: Adonis El Salloukh, Abdus Samad Ansari, Alexander Chiu and Divya Mathews

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The aim of this multicenter cohort study was to compare the clinical courses between open and laparoscopic Petersen’s hernia (PH) reduction.

    Authors: Jae-Seok Min, Kyung Won Seo, Sang-Ho Jeong, Ki Hyun Kim, Ji-ho Park, Ki Young Yoon, Tae-Han Kim, Eun-Jung Jung, Young-tae Ju, Chi-Young Jeong, Ju-Yeon Kim and Young-Joon Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:195

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Pelvic sepsis after surgery for rectal cancer is a severe complication, mostly originating from anastomotic leakage. Complex salvage surgery, during which an omentoplasty is often used for filling of the pelvi...

    Authors: Sebastian Sparenberg, Sarah Sharabiany, Gijsbert D. Musters, Brenda M. Castano Borrero, Roel Hompes, Oren Lapid and Pieter J. Tanis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:194

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) is indicated for patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) who are not indicated for urgent surgery, but external tubes reduce quality of life (QOL) while wa...

    Authors: Fumihiro Kawano, Ryuji Yoshioka, Yu Gyoda, Hirofumi Ichida, Tomoya Mizuno, Shigeto Ishii, Toshio Fujisawa, Hiroshi Imamura, Yoshihiro Mise, Hiroyuki Isayama and Akio Saiura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Misdiagnosis or failure to intraoperatively detect occult hernia in the inguinal region can lead to the recurrence of postoperative hernia and the appearance of local pain symptoms, which affect the patient’s ...

    Authors: Jun He, Ying-jie Xu, Peng Sun, Jue Wang and Cheng-guang Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  33. COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the Italian National Health Care system at many different levels, causing a complete reorganization of surgical wards. In this context, our study retrospectively analysed the man...

    Authors: Matteo Barabino, Gaetano Piccolo, Arianna Trizzino, Veronica Fedele, Carlo Ferrari, Vincenzo Nicastro, Andrea Pisani Ceretti, Enrico De Nicola, Nicolò Maria Mariani, Marco Giovenzana, Giovanna Scifo, Massimiliano Mazza, Ruggero Vercelli, Roberto Santambrogio, Carmelo Luigiano and Enrico Opocher

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The inflammation indexes in blood routine play an essential role in evaluating the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, but the effect on early recurrence has not been clarified. The study aime...

    Authors: YiFeng Wu, ChaoYong Tu and ChuXiao Shao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and postoperative pain (POP) are most commonly experienced in the early hours after surgery. Many studies have reported high rates of PONV and POP, and have identified ...

    Authors: Reem M. Elsaid, Ashraqat S. Namrouti, Ahmad M. Samara, Wael Sadaqa and Sa’ed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Lymph node metastasis (LNM) plays a vital role in the determination of clinical outcomes in patients with gastric neuroendocrine tumor (G-NET). Preoperative identification of LNM is helpful for intraoperative ...

    Authors: Xianghui Li, Lihua Shao, Xiaofeng Lu, Zhengyang Yang, Shichao Ai, Feng Sun, Meng Wang, Wenxian Guan and Song Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Risks for living-liver donors are lower in case of a left liver donation, however, due to lower graft volume, the risk for small-for-size situations in the recipients increases. This study aims to prevent smal...

    Authors: Stefan M. Brunner, Frank W. Brennfleck, Henrik Junger, Jirka Grosse, Birgit Knoppke, Edward K. Geissler, Michael Melter and Hans J. Schlitt

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:166

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:268

  38. This study aimed to identify socioeconomic predictors of permanent stoma in rectal cancer treatment and examine its association with length of stay at the treatment facility.

    Authors: Riccardo Lemini, Iktej S. Jabbal, Krystof Stanek, Shalmali R. Borkar, Aaron C. Spaulding, Scott R. Kelley and Dorin T. Colibaseanu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been the standard treatment for locally advanced breast cancer for the purpose of downstaging or for conversion from mastectomy to breast conservation surgery (BCS). Locoregi...

    Authors: Hsu-Huan Chou, Wei-Shan Chung, Rong-Yao Ding, Wen-Ling Kuo, Chi-Chang Yu, Hsiu-Pei Tsai, Shih-Che Shen, Chia-Hui Chu, Yung-Feng Lo and Shin-Cheh Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair is associated with higher recurrence rate. Mesh is used to reduce the recurrence rate. This retrospective study is to review our experience of biological mesh fixed wi...

    Authors: Yusheng Nie, Yao Xiong, Lei Guan, Xin Yuan, Fuqiang Chen, Jie Chen and Huiqi Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Temporary stomas have been widely used to avoid the risk of complications such as anastomotic leakage after colorectal resection. Stoma closure is relatively easy; however, postoperative surgical site infectio...

    Authors: Yoshinori Yane, Jin-ichi Hida, Yusuke Makutani, Hokuto Ushijima, Yasumasa Yoshioka, Masayoshi Iwamoto, Toshiaki Wada, Koji Daito, Tadao Tokoro, Kazuki Ueda and Junichiro Kawamura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:157

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  42. Inguinal hernia surgery is a frequent procedure among general surgeons in Costa Rica, but the management and technique are not uniform. The International Guideline for Groin Hernia management was published in ...

    Authors: Jesús Martínez-Hoed, Katherine Cordero-Bermúdez, Providencia García-Pastor, Salvador Pous-Serrano and José A. Ortiz-Cubero

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Our aim is to determine the relationships among patient demographics, patient history, surgical experience, and conversion rate (CR) during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LCs).

    Authors: Szabolcs Ábrahám, Tibor Németh, Ria Benkő, Mária Matuz, Dániel Váczi, Illés Tóth, Aurél Ottlakán, László Andrási, János Tajti., Viktor Kovács, József Pieler, László Libor, Attila Paszt, Zsolt Simonka and György Lázár

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Hepatobiliary mucinous cystic neoplasms (H-MCNs) are relatively rare cystic neoplasms in the liver. The differential diagnosis of H-MCNs remains big challenging, and the management and prognosis between the he...

    Authors: Jiaqi Gao, Junhao Zheng, Jingwei Cai, Mubarak Ali Kirih, Junjie Xu, Liye Tao, Yuelong Liang, Xu Feng, Jing Fang and Xiao Liang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Crohn’s disease (CD) recurrence can occur not only at the site of anastomosis but also elsewhere in the bowel following an ileocolic resection (ICR) procedure. The aims of the present study were to assess long...

    Authors: Hiroki Ikeuchi, Motoi Uchino, Toshihiro Bando, Yuki Horio, Ryuichi Kuwahara, Tomohiro Minagawa, Yoshiko Goto, Kurando Kusunoki, Masataka Ikeda, Naohito Beppu and Yoshio Takesue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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