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Visceral and general surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of visceral surgery and general surgeries not covered by other sections. Submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has reached Poland on March 4th, 2020 and undoubtedly affected all areas of life and medical care, including bariatric care. The study was planned to identify the impact of the SARS-CoV...

    Authors: Piotr Major, Tomasz Stefura, Michał Wysocki, Piotr Małczak, Anna Rzepa, Monika Proczko-Stepaniak, Jacek Szeliga and Michał Pędziwiatr

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:314

    Content type: Research article

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  2. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, German health care centres were restructured for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. This was accompanied by the suspension of the surgical programme. The aim of...

    Authors: Christian Stöß, Marcella Steffani, Kay Kohlhaw, Claudia Rudroff, Ludger Staib, Daniel Hartmann, Helmut Friess and Michael W. Müller

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:313

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), which often causes a common complication such as abdominal wall hernia, is a prevalent alternative therapy for end-stage renal failure patients. However, relev...

    Authors: Qiyu Chi, Zheng Shi, Zhibo Zhang, Chunzhong Lin, Guozhong Liu and Shangeng Weng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although a larger proportion of colorectal surgeries have been performed laparoscopically in the last few years, a steep learning curve prevents us from considering laparoscopic colorectal surgery as the gold ...

    Authors: Ioannis G. Gkionis, Mathaios E. Flamourakis, Eleni S. Tsagkataki, Eleni I. Kaloeidi, Konstantinos G. Spiridakis, Georgios E. Kostakis, Athanasios K. Alegkakis and Manousos S. Christodoulakis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Patient-related risk factors such as diabetes mellitus and obesity are increasing in western countries. At the same time the indications for liver resection in both benign and malignant diseases have been sign...

    Authors: Alexander Fischer, Juri Fuchs, Christos Stravodimos, Ulf Hinz, Adrian Billeter, Markus W. Büchler, Arianeb Mehrabi and Katrin Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Single parathyroid adenoma is the main cause of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), with surgery remaining the gold standard for its treatment. The ability to preoperatively predict the parathyroid adenoma siz...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis, Norbert Weyerbrock, Hubert Zirngibl and Cornelia Dotzenrath

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:303

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare clinical condition that is caused by a variety of underlying diseases. However, the factors that would permit accurate identification of bowel ischemia, requiring sur...

    Authors: Manato Fujii, Suguru Yamashita, Mayuko Tanaka, Jo Tashiro, Yoshiharu Takenaka, Kazuki Yamasaki and Yukiyoshi Masaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Large or complex trachea defects often require some tissue to reconstruct, various flaps have been reported for reconstructing this defect. However, pedicled thoracoacromial artery perforator flap have not bee...

    Authors: Di Deng, Feng Xu, Jifeng Liu, Bo Li, Linke Li, Jun Liu and Fei Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Liver metastasis (LIM) of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is associated with poor prognosis. The present study aimed at developing and validating nomogram to predict LIM in patients with GIST, thus helpi...

    Authors: Guowei Zhou, Keshuai Xiao, Guanwen Gong, Jiabao Wu, Ya Zhang, Xinxin Liu, Zhiwei Jiang and Chaoqun Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Laparoscopic surgery has achieved significant results in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we compared the short-term and long-term outcomes of open surgery and laparoscopic surgery...

    Authors: Yih-Jong Chern, Hsin-Yuan Hung, Jeng-Fu You, Yu-Jen Hsu, Jy-Ming Chiang, Pao-Shiu Hsieh and Wen-Sy Tsai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Currently, more than 30% of the population in the gulf demonstrate a body mass index (BMI) exceeding 30. This burden of obesity has proven to take a toll on the population; therefore, we created the first Kuwa...

    Authors: Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Taleb Jumaa, Jasim Al Abbad, Fareed Salam, Mustafa Abbas, Mubarak Al Kandari and Aws Al Ozairi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Adult hemiliver transplantation (AHLT) is an important approach given the current shortage of donor livers. However, the suitability of AHLT versus adult whole liver transplantation (AWLT) for recipients with ...

    Authors: LingXiang Kong, Tao Lv, Li Jiang, Jian Yang and Jiayin Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastrointestinal neoplasms can be technically difficult for trainee endoscopists. Presently, there is no consensus for trainees to select the endo-knife type in ESD. ...

    Authors: Ryoji Ichijima, Mitsuru Esaki, Shun Yamakawa, Yosuke Minoda, Sho Suzuki, Chika Kusano, Hisatomo Ikehara and Takuji Gotoda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The return of gastrointestinal function is an important sign of postoperative recovery in patients undergoing surgery with general anaesthesia. We aimed to summarize the effects of stellate ganglion block on t...

    Authors: Bei Wen, Yajie Wang, Cong Zhang and Zhijian Fu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The indocyanine green (ICG) clearance test is the main method of evaluating the liver reserve function before hepatectomy. However, some patients may be allergic to ICG or the equipment of ICG clearance test w...

    Authors: Jinli Zheng, Wei Xie, Yang Huang, Yunfeng Zhu and Li Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Vision is an essential element of laparoscopic surgery that defines the outcome of an operation in regards to time, mistakes and precision. A 3-dimensional (3D) perspective may improve vision during an operati...

    Authors: Tibor Andrea Zwimpfer, Dominik Lacher, Bernhard Fellmann-Fischer and Michael Mueller

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Obesity is a growing public health concern in most western countries. More and more patients with high body mass index (BMI) are undergoing surgical procedures of all kinds and, in this context, obese patients...

    Authors: Gian Luigi Canu, Fabio Medas, Federico Cappellacci, Michele Guido Podda, Giorgio Romano, Enrico Erdas and Pietro Giorgio Calò

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The uncut Roux-en-y anastomosis (URYA) has some clinical advantages after distal gastrectomy (DG). Little evidence exists regarding the influence of peristalsis on this anastomosis. We aimed to evaluate short-...

    Authors: Cui Hangtian, Huang Huabing, Luo Tianhang, Yin Xiaoyi and Fang Guoen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:274

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Liver resection (LR) and enucleation (EN) are the main surgical treatment for giant hepatic hemangioma (HH), but how to choose the type of surgery is still controversial. This study aimed to explore the effica...

    Authors: Mingguang Ju, Feng Xu, Wenyan Zhao and Chaoliu Dai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Wound healing and scar quality after trauma are subject to impairment through excessive wound healing, chronic wound or even surgical site infections. Optimizing the process of scar formation and skin healing ...

    Authors: Laura K. Berninghausen, Georg Osterhoff, Stefan Langer and Lukas H. Kohler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) with rectal ulcer is a common complication after pelvic malignancy radiation, and gradually deteriorating ulcers will result in severe complications such as fistula. The aim o...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Huang, Qinghua Zhong, Huaiming Wang, Jie Zhao, Yingyi Kuang, Qi Guan, Yanjiong He, Qiyuan Qin, Hui Wang and Tenghui Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The clinical outcomes of patients who received distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (DPS) and spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) have been generally investigated. However, postoperative hematolog...

    Authors: Ming Cui, Jing-Kai Liu, Bang Zheng, Qiao-Fei Liu, Lu Zhang, Li Zhang, Jun-Chao Guo, Meng-Hua Dai, Tai-Ping Zhang and Quan Liao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Several inflammation-based scores are used to assess the surgical outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the present study was to elucidate the prognostic value of the prognostic nutritional in...

    Authors: Akihiro Tanemura, Shugo Mizuno, Aoi Hayasaki, Kazuyuki Gyoten, Takehiro Fujii, Yusuke Iizawa, Hiroyuki Kato, Yasuhiro Murata, Naohisa Kuriyama, Masashi Kishiwada, Hiroyuki Sakurai and Shuji Isaji

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Minimally invasive liver resections (MILRs) have been increasingly performed in recent years. However, the majority of MILRs are actually minor or limited resections of peripheral lesions. Due to the technical...

    Authors: Vinícius Campos Duarte, Fabricio Ferreira Coelho, Alain Valverde, Divia Danoussou, Jaime Arthur Pirola Kruger, Kevin Zuber, Gilton Marques Fonseca, Vagner Birk Jeismann, Paulo Herman and Renato Micelli Lupinacci

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To explore the long-term oncological safety of using self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) as a bridge to surgery for acute obstructive colorectal cancer by comparing the pathological results of emergency surgery...

    Authors: Yang Hu, Jiajun Fan, Yifan Xv, Yingjie Hu, Yuan Ding, Zhengjie Jiang and Qingsong Tao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:255

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hepatic metastasis are frequent and liver resection may be an option for some cases, despite the high complexity of the procedure and the possibility of postoperative complications.

    Authors: Phillipe Abreu, Raphaella Ferreira, Danilo Saavedra Bussyguin, Eduardo DaCás, Vighnesh Vetrivel Venkatasamy, Flávio Daniel Saavedra Tomasich and Luiz Arnaldo Szutan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:254

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Adhesion formation after hepatectomy creates problems for repeat hepatectomy. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a spray (AdSpray) and sheet adhesion barrier (Seprafilm) in a rat hepatectomy-indu...

    Authors: Atsushi Shimizu, Miho Kai, Masako Tasaki, Naotaka Chino, Kiyoshi Hasegawa and Norihiro Kokudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Excisional haemorrhoidectomy is the gold standard technique in patients with III and IV degree haemorrhoidal disease (HD). However, it is associated with a significant rate of post-operative pain. The aim of o...

    Authors: G. Gallo, S. Di Saverio, G. Clerico, A . Sturiale, M. Manigrasso, A. Realis Luc, M. Trompetto and G. Sammarco

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2020 20:277

  29. Pediatric inguinal hernia (PIH) is a common disease in children. Laparoscopic hernia repair (LHR) has developed rapidly in recent years, but there are still different opinions compared with traditional open he...

    Authors: Jie Liu, XiongWei Wu, WenLi Xiu, XiWei Hao, Jing Zhao, Bin Wei and Qian Dong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is still a common and feared complication after low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer. The multifactorial pathophysiology of AL and lack of standardised treatment options requ...

    Authors: M. D. Slooter, K. Talboom, S. Sharabiany, C. P. M. van Helsdingen, S. van Dieren, C. Y. Ponsioen, C. Y. Nio, E. C. J. Consten, J. H. Wijsman, M. A. Boermeester, J. P. M. Derikx, G. D. Musters, W. A. Bemelman, P. J. Tanis and R. Hompes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:240

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The rise in deaths attributed to opioid drugs has become a major public health problem in the United States and in the world. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with a faster postoperative recovery...

    Authors: Marieke J. Krimphove, Xi Chen, Maya Marchese, David F. Friedlander, Adam C. Fields, Lina Roa, Daniel Pucheril, Adam S. Kibel, Nelya Melnitchouk, Richard D. Urman, Luis A. Kluth, Prokar Dasgupta and Quoc-Dien Trinh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:235

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) applied in gynecology has been developed recent years and been evolving. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effect...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Wang, Junwei Li, Keqin Hua and Yisong Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  33. For ventral hernia, endoscopic sublay repair (ESR) may overcome the disadvantages of open sublay and laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh repair. This retrospective study presents the preliminary multicente...

    Authors: Rui Tang, Huiyong Jiang, Weidong Wu, Tao Wang, Xiangzhen Meng, Guozhong Liu, Xiaoyan Cai, Jianwen Liu, Xijun Cui, Xianke Si, Nan Liu and Nina Wei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Bariatric surgery (BS) is considered as an effective solution to control morbid obesity. Food restrictions resulting from the operation may decrease dietary nutrient intakes, particularly during the first year...

    Authors: Maryam Ziadlou, Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Hassan Mozaffari Khosravi, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Maryam Barzin, Alireza Khalaj and Majid Valizadeh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:232

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is a high probability of gastroesophageal reflux after laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma of the oesophagogastric junction (AEG). Various anti-reflux anastomotic methods are emerging in...

    Authors: Baohua Wang, Yupeng Wu, Haijun Wang, Haiqiang Zhang, Liting Wang and Zhanxue Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:230

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of robot-assisted retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (RARLA) for large pheochromocytomas (PHEOs; size≥6 cm) compared with retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalecto...

    Authors: Sheng-Qiang Fu, Chang-Shui Zhuang, Xiao-Rong Yang, Wen-Jie Xie, Bin-Bin Gong, Yi-Fu Liu, Ji Liu, Ting Sun and Ming Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:227

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pancreatic fistula is one of the serious complications for patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy, which leads to significant morbidity. The aim of our study is to compare linear stapling closure plus conti...

    Authors: Takeshi Aoki, Doaa A. Mansour, Tomotake Koizumi, Kazuhiro Matsuda, Tomokazu Kusano, Yusuke Wada, Tomoki Hakozaki, Kodai Tomioka, Takahito Hirai, Tatsuya Yamazaki, Makoto Watanabe, Koji Otsuka, Ahmed Elewa Abbas Gahin and Masahiko Murakami

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:223

    Content type: Technical advance

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  38. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. Patients with cancer are more likely to incur poor clinical outcomes. Due to the prevailing pandemi...

    Authors: Yu-xuan Li, Chang-zheng He, Yi-chen Liu, Peng-yue Zhao, Xiao-lei Xu, Yu-feng Wang, Shao-you Xia and Xiao-hui Du

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:222

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Small bowel volvulus (SBV) is a benign gastrointestinal surgical condition in which there is a torsion of all or parts of a segment of small bowel on its mesenteric axis. It has been contributed significant bu...

    Authors: Atalel Fentahun Awedew, Woldemariam Beka Belay, Bedemariam Tadesse Amsalu and Dawit Zerihun Yalewu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The prognostic significance of peripheral blood-derived inflammation markers in patients with gastric cancer (GC) has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between systemic infl...

    Authors: Lihu Gu, Mian Wang, Xuena Cui, Jiahang Mo, Lingling Yuan, Feiyan Mao, Kang Zhang, Derry Minyao Ng, Ping Chen and Dongjie Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:219

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To observe cumulative morbidity of postoperative inguinal hernia (PIH) and identify risk factors associated with its development in patients who underwent retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP), laparoscopic p...

    Authors: Lijia Liu, Haoxiang Xu, Feng Qi, Shangqian Wang, Kamleshsingh Shadhu, Dadhija Ramlagun-Mungur and Shui Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Several topical hemostats are available to help control surgical bleeding. Cutanplast is a highly absorbent and porous gelatin product that is available in Fast sponge and powder forms. This study investigated...

    Authors: Valerio Antonio Paternò, Alessandro Bisin and Alessandro Addis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:215

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The critical view of safety (CVS) method can be achieved by avoiding vasculo-biliary injury resulting from misidentification during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although achieving the CVS has become popu...

    Authors: Shuichi Fujioka, Keigo Nakashima, Hiroaki Kitamura, Yuki Takano, Takeyuki Misawa, Yu Kumagai, Taigo Hata, Tadashi Akiba, Toru Ikegami and Katsuhiko Yanaga

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:214

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) is an infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue at the upper part of the natal cleft of the buttocks. Excision and healing by granulation “lay-open” method is s...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Gohar, Reda F. Ali, Khaled A. Ismail, Taha A. Ismail and Nahla A. Nosair

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:212

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Perioperative complications cause significant pediatric morbidity and mortality in low- and lower middle -income countries. This study investigates factors associated with prolonged length of stay, 90-day read...

    Authors: Sarah Peiffer, Anna E. Ssentongo, Laura Keeney, Forster Amponsah-Manu, Richard Yeboako, Richard Ofosu-Akromah, Temitope Ebenezer Arkorful, Eric Agyemang, Anthony Tsai, John Oh and Paddy Ssentongo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:211

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The continuously increasing survivorship of female breast cancer makes the monitoring and improvement of patients’ quality of life ever so important. While globally there is a growing body of research on healt...

    Authors: Aris Yfantis, Pavlos Sarafis, Ioannis Moisoglou, Maria Tolia, George Intas, Ioanna Tiniakou, Konstantinos Zografos, George Zografos, Marianna Constantinou, Athanasios Nikolentzos and Michalis Kontos

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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