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  1. The critical view of safety (CVS) method can be achieved by avoiding vasculo-biliary injury resulting from misidentification during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although achieving the CVS has become popu...

    Authors: Shuichi Fujioka, Keigo Nakashima, Hiroaki Kitamura, Yuki Takano, Takeyuki Misawa, Yu Kumagai, Taigo Hata, Tadashi Akiba, Toru Ikegami and Katsuhiko Yanaga

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:214

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Acquired Hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding diathesis in patients with no previous personal or family bleeding history. The diagnosis of this disease often delays due to unfamiliarity of physicians with it,...

    Authors: Umar Zeb Khan, Xiangwu Yang, Matiullah Masroor, Abdul Aziz, Hui Yi and Hai Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:213

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) is an infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue at the upper part of the natal cleft of the buttocks. Excision and healing by granulation “lay-open” method is s...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Gohar, Reda F. Ali, Khaled A. Ismail, Taha A. Ismail and Nahla A. Nosair

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:212

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Perioperative complications cause significant pediatric morbidity and mortality in low- and lower middle -income countries. This study investigates factors associated with prolonged length of stay, 90-day read...

    Authors: Sarah Peiffer, Anna E. Ssentongo, Laura Keeney, Forster Amponsah-Manu, Richard Yeboako, Richard Ofosu-Akromah, Temitope Ebenezer Arkorful, Eric Agyemang, Anthony Tsai, John Oh and Paddy Ssentongo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:211

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The continuously increasing survivorship of female breast cancer makes the monitoring and improvement of patients’ quality of life ever so important. While globally there is a growing body of research on healt...

    Authors: Aris Yfantis, Pavlos Sarafis, Ioannis Moisoglou, Maria Tolia, George Intas, Ioanna Tiniakou, Konstantinos Zografos, George Zografos, Marianna Constantinou, Athanasios Nikolentzos and Michalis Kontos

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This report presents updated data and mid-term follow-up information to a former study introducing the novel technique of percutaneous-perventricular device closure of doubly committed subarterial ventricular ...

    Authors: Long Wang, Lin Xie, Weiqiang Ruan, Tao Li, Changping Gan and Ke Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  7. We present a living donor case with an unexpected large-volume pneumothorax diagnosed using lung ultrasound during a laparoscopic hepatectomy for liver transplantation (LT).

    Authors: Min Suk Chae, Jueun Kwak, Kyungmoon Roh, Minhee Kim, Sungeun Park, Ho Joong Choi, Jaesik Park, Jung-Woo Shim, Hyung Mook Lee, Yong-Suk Kim, Young Eun Moon and Sang Hyun Hong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:206

    Content type: Case report

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  8. To reduce the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak, clinicians utilize a filling material placed in the sella followed by floor reconstruction with various materials, including glue sealing. Cyano-acrylic glue Glu...

    Authors: Majid Bani-Ata, Firas Alzoubi, Bashar Abuzayed, Ala”a A. Alhowary and Abdelwahab J. Aleshawi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:205

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Intrapulmonary teratoma (IPT) is a rare type of extra gonadal teratoma which often presents with non-specific symptoms and can be misdiagnosed as other diseases. Here we report a patient with IPT which was ini...

    Authors: Parviz Mardani, Reyhaneh Naseri, Armin Amirian, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Damoun Fouladi and Keivan Ranjbar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:203

    Content type: Case report

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  10. We have previously shown the value of next-generation des-r-carboxy prothrombin (NX-DCP) for predicting vascular invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Since conventional DCP is inaccurate under some cond...

    Authors: Shintaro Yamazaki, Tadatoshi Takayama, Tomoharu Kurokawa, Naoaki Shimamoto, Yusuke Mitsuka, Nao Yoshida, Tokio Higaki and Masahiko Sugitani

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:201

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Staphylococcus caprae (Sc) is an uncommon causative organism for human. Lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis (LPS) of Sc is extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported. As far as we know, there is no sp...

    Authors: Zihan Fan, Yong Yang, Dong Li and Qi Fei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:200

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Vaginal vault prolapse is the most frequent long-term complication in patients undergoing hysterectomy and sacralcolpopexy is considered the gold standard. We report our surgical strategy maintaining single-ar...

    Authors: Federico Romano, Andrea Sartore, Denise Mordeglia, Giovanni Di Lorenzo, Guglielmo Stabile and Giuseppe Ricci

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:199

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Intussusception is a form of intestinal obstruction in which a segment of the bowel prolapses into a more distal segment. It is an uncommon condition in children older than 2 years and causes intestinal obstru...

    Authors: Ahmad Sankari Tarabishi, Ziad Aljarad, Baraa Shebli, Ahmad Humam Masri, Rami Anadani, Muhammad Besher Shabouk and Mazen Trissi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:198

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Although considered complex and challenging, esophagectomy remains the best potentially curable treatment option for resectable esophageal and esophagogastric junction (AEG) carcinomas. The optimal surgical ap...

    Authors: Dino Kröll, Yves Michael Borbély, Bastian Dislich, Tobias Haltmeier, Thomas Malinka, Matthias Biebl, Rupert Langer, Daniel Candinas and Christian Seiler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:197

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Idiopathic chronic ulcerative enteritis (ICUE) is a very rare disease with high mortality. Because of clinical rarity, several small case reports have been published and there is a lack of large sample study. ...

    Authors: Chang-Yeon Jung and Jung-Min Bae

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:196

    Content type: Case report

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  16. The windswept lower limb deformity describes valgus deformity in one leg with varus deformity in the other. It is mostly seen in young children with metabolic bone diseases (such as rickets) and may lead to le...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Qiang Zou, Yueming Song, Limin Liu and Chunguang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:195

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Studies have suggested differences in postoperative outcomes between patients with obesity and those without following adrenalectomy, but these remained to be ascertained with synthesis of available evidence. ...

    Authors: Celestin Danwang, Valirie Ndip Agbor and Jean Joel Bigna

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Open surgical repair (OSR) for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAA) is associated with a high pulmonary and renal morbidity rate. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a mechanism of protection against the dele...

    Authors: Mickael Palmier, Mickael Bubenheim, Laurent Chiche, Xavier Chaufour, Fabien Koskas, Elie Fadel, Pierre Edouard Magnan, Eric Ducasse, Nabil Chakfe, Eric Steinmetz, Marie Melody Dusseaux, Jean Baptiste Ricco and Didier Plissonnier

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:193

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Using the Latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle flap is one of the popular surgical technique for breast reconstruction. However, usually, long postoperative scar was remained on donor site which does not have disease....

    Authors: Jeeyeon Lee, Jin Hyang Jung, Wan Wook Kim, Chan Sub Park, Ryu Kyung Lee and Ho Yong Park

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:192

    Content type: Technical advance

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  20. Gastric artery aneurysms are rarely caused by segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM), a condition that often involves multiple vessels. The clinical course of SAM after vessel rupture may vary depending on the in...

    Authors: Yuichiro Kohara, Koji Fujimoto, Hikotaro Katsura, Takashi Komatsubara, Kazuhito Ichikawa and Hiroshi Higashiyama

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:191

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) outbreak in Wuhan, China in early 2020, resulted in over 80 thousand infections in China. At present, NCP has an explosive growth in the world. Surgeons could refuse selective...

    Authors: Yuchen Liu, Minggang Wang, Yingmo Shen and Jie Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:190

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Bridge to surgery (BTS) using a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) for the treatment of obstructive colorectal cancer improves the patient’s quality of life. This study aimed to examine prognostic factors o...

    Authors: Katsuya Ohta, Masakazu Ikenaga, Masami Ueda, Kiyotsugu Iede, Yujiro Tsuda, Shinsuke Nakashima, Takashi Nojiri, Jin Matsuyama, Shunji Endo, Jun Murata, Ichizo Kobayashi, Masahiko Tsujii and Terumasa Yamada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Diabetes is known to increase morbidity and 30-day mortality in adults undergoing non-cardiac surgery, but longer term outcomes are less studied. This study was done to explore how undiagnosed and known diabet...

    Authors: Wei W. Teo, Lian K. Ti, Lyn L. Lean, Edwin Seet, Ambika Paramasivan, Weiling Liu, Jiexun Wang, Vanessa Chua and Lydia Q. Liew

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Phyllodes tumors (PTs) are well known for local recurrence and progression. Less than 10% of these tumors grow larger than 10 cm. Distant metastases have been reported in up to 22% of malignant PTs, with most ...

    Authors: Hui-Pu Liu, Wen-Yen Chang, Chin-Wen Hsu, Shan-Tao Chien, Zheng-Yi Huang, Wen-Ching Kung and Ping-Hung Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:187

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Cavernous hemangioma, as a rare tumor, is difficult to differentiate from retroperitoneal lymphoma and paraganglioma. They are more difficult to excise completely through open surgery and traditional laparosco...

    Authors: Zheng-Jun Chen, Dong Wang, Shi-Da Fan, Shang-Qing Ren, Fang Zhou, Yu Nie, Qian Lv and Jing-Zhi Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:186

    Content type: Case report

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  26. We aimed to explore the causal analysis, clinical characteristics and treatment strategies of laparoscopic conversion to open approach (LCTOA) in radical nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy.

    Authors: Zhuo Liu, Shiying Tang, Xiaojun Tian, Xun Zhao, Peng Hong, Qiming Zhang, Liwei Li, Li Zhang, Shudong Zhang, Guoliang Wang, Hongxian Zhang, Cheng Liu, Guodong Zhu and Lulin Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:185

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Flank hernias are uncommon, surgical treatment is challenging and the minimally-invasive approach not always feasible. The aim of this study was to report the safety and feasibility of the robotic-assisted rep...

    Authors: Matteo Di Giuseppe, Francesco Mongelli, Maria Marcantonio, Davide La Regina and Ramon Pini

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Robot assisted surgery has expanded considerably in the past years. Compared to conventional open or laparoscopic surgery, virtual reality (VR) training is an essential component in learning robot assisted sur...

    Authors: Erik Leijte, Ivo de Blaauw, Camiel Rosman and Sanne M. B. I. Botden

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:183

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The clinical incidence of appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma is low. Moreover, the case reports of postoperative relapse after surgery are rarely based on literature search results. Here, we report such a cas...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Jun-Wen Ye, Xiao-ping Tan, Xiang Peng, Yan Zhang, Jing-Lin Liang and Mei-Jin Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Laryngeal rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) mainly occurred in children, while were extremely rare in adults. Consequently, less information was available to guide clinicians to manage adult RMSs in larynx.

    Authors: Juanjuan Hu, Dan Lu, Jia Ren, Qiao Wen, Jing Zhou, Weigang Gan, Jun Liu, Shixi Liu, Hui Yang and Jian Zou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:173

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The bare area was reportedly formed by direct adhesion between the liver and diaphragm, meaning that the bare area lacked serosal components. This study aimed to analyze the structure of the bare area by an in...

    Authors: Takamichi Ishii, Satoru Seo, Takashi Ito, Satoshi Ogiso, Ken Fukumitsu, Kojiro Taura, Toshimi Kaido and Shinji Uemoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:172

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Submucosal tumors (SMTs) of different etiologies exist from esophagus to rectum. Esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is one of the known difficult locations for tumor resection. Although minimally invasive surgery ...

    Authors: Yi-Chun Huang, Chun-Nan Yeh, Ming-Yang Chen, Shang-Yu Wang, Keng-Hao Liu, Chun-Yi Tsai and Ta-Sen Yeh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:179

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the range of change in prognostic nutritional index (PNI) during the early postoperative period as a predictor of postoperative pancreatic fistula (PO...

    Authors: Teruhisa Sakamoto, Takuki Yagyu, Ei Uchinaka, Masaki Morimoto, Takehiko Hanaki, Joji Watanabe, Manabu Yamamoto, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Naruo Tokuyasu, Soichiro Honjo and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Traumatic arteriovenous fistula (TAVF) is an uncommon vascular entity that arises in various locations, often from penetrating injuries, with a wide spectrum of signs and symptoms. This case report highlights ...

    Authors: Rakan Nasser Eldine, Hassan Dehaini, Jamal J Hoballah and Fady Fayez Haddad

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:177

    Content type: Case report

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  35. To determine if improvement in imaging reduces the non-resection rate (NRR) among patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

    Authors: C. Mattevi, J. Garnier, U. Marchese, J. Ewald, M. Gilabert, F. Poizat, G. Piana, J. R. Delpero and O. Turrini

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue malignancy that frequently affects the extremities, adjacent to the large joints. Synovial sarcoma has a high rate of distant metastasis; however, pancreatic metastasis is ext...

    Authors: Takahiro Yokose, Minoru Kitago, Go Oshima, Kodai Abe, Yohei Masugi, Eisuke Miura, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Yohji Matsusaka, Yutaka Endo, Kenji Toyama, Shigeo Okuda and Yuko Kitagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:175

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies indicate that more aggressive treatments, including surgical resection or locoregional treatment, may benefit selec...

    Authors: Xiaodong Song, Yong He, Huihong Liang, Menling Han and Zili Shao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:174

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Recent observational studies on volume-outcome associations in hepatobiliary surgery were not designed to account for the varying extent of hepatobiliary resections and the consequential risk of perioperative ...

    Authors: Christian Krautz, Christine Gall, Olaf Gefeller, Ulrike Nimptsch, Thomas Mansky, Maximilian Brunner, Georg F. Weber, Robert Grützmann and Stephan Kersting

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Pancreatic fistula is a common complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy, which could be caused by: soft pancreatic tissue, pancreatic duct diameter < 3 mm and body mass index ≥25 kg/m2. Here we report a case of...

    Authors: Hanteng Yang, Yanxian Ren, Zeyuan Yu, Huinian Zhou, Shuze Zhang, Changjiang Luo and Zuoyi Jiao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:170

    Content type: Case report

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  40. While emergent pancreatic resection for trauma has been previously described, no large contemporary investigations into the frequency, indications, and outcomes of emergent pancreatectomy (EP) secondary to com...

    Authors: Michael R. Driedger, Carlos A. Puig, Cornelius A. Thiels, John R. Bergquist, Daniel S. Ubl, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Travis E. Grotz, Rory L. Smoot, David M. Nagorney, Sean P. Cleary, Michael L. Kendrick and Mark J. Truty

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) is one of the most common causes of postoperative morbidity. According to Boyle’s law, decreased barometric pressure expands the volume of intestinal gas. We aimed to el...

    Authors: Yuta Yamamoto, Yusuke Miyagawa, Masato Kitazawa, Hirokazu Tanaka, Masatsugu Kuroiwa, Nao Hondo, Makoto Koyama, Satoshi Nakamura, Shigeo Tokumaru, Futoshi Muranaka and Yuji Soejima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Surgical resection is the main treatment for pheochromocytoma (PHEO). Although open surgery (OS) has been shown to be safe and feasible, the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic surgery (LS) for PHEO remain con...

    Authors: Sheng-Qiang Fu, Si-Yuan Wang, Qiang Chen, Yu-Tang Liu, Zhi-Long Li and Ting Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:167

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is one of the most severe early complications after rectal cancer surgery. Many studies and meta-analysis results show that the indentation of transanal drainage tubes (TDT) can preven...

    Authors: Yun Luo, Chang-Kang Zhu, Ding-Quan Wu, Liang-Bi Zhou and Chong-Shu Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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