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  1. Treatment of congenital hemivertebra is challenging and data on long-term follow-up (≥ 5 years) are lacking. This study evaluated the surgical outcomes of posterior thoracolumbar hemivertebra resection and sho...

    Authors: Beixi Bao, Qingjun Su, Yong Hai, Peng Yin, Yaoshen Zhang, Shiqi Zhu and Zhencheng Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  2. This study aimed to identify socioeconomic predictors of permanent stoma in rectal cancer treatment and examine its association with length of stay at the treatment facility.

    Authors: Riccardo Lemini, Iktej S. Jabbal, Krystof Stanek, Shalmali R. Borkar, Aaron C. Spaulding, Scott R. Kelley and Dorin T. Colibaseanu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pre-existing degeneration of adjacent segment is an important risk factor for adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD), but only limited and controversial studies have addressed its management.

    Authors: Xinliang Zhang, Jinwen Zhu, Yibing Li, Dingjun Hao and Wenjie Gao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been the standard treatment for locally advanced breast cancer for the purpose of downstaging or for conversion from mastectomy to breast conservation surgery (BCS). Locoregi...

    Authors: Hsu-Huan Chou, Wei-Shan Chung, Rong-Yao Ding, Wen-Ling Kuo, Chi-Chang Yu, Hsiu-Pei Tsai, Shih-Che Shen, Chia-Hui Chu, Yung-Feng Lo and Shin-Cheh Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair is associated with higher recurrence rate. Mesh is used to reduce the recurrence rate. This retrospective study is to review our experience of biological mesh fixed wi...

    Authors: Yusheng Nie, Yao Xiong, Lei Guan, Xin Yuan, Fuqiang Chen, Jie Chen and Huiqi Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Temporary stomas have been widely used to avoid the risk of complications such as anastomotic leakage after colorectal resection. Stoma closure is relatively easy; however, postoperative surgical site infectio...

    Authors: Yoshinori Yane, Jin-ichi Hida, Yusuke Makutani, Hokuto Ushijima, Yasumasa Yoshioka, Masayoshi Iwamoto, Toshiaki Wada, Koji Daito, Tadao Tokoro, Kazuki Ueda and Junichiro Kawamura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:157

    Content type: Technical advance

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  7. Patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus type 1 (IDDM1) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) undergoing simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation (SPKT) are a population with diffuse atherosclerosis...

    Authors: Hans-Michael Hau, Nora Jahn, Max Brunotte, Tristan Wagner, Sebastian Rademacher, Daniela Branzan, Elisabeth Sucher, Daniel Seehofer and Robert Sucher

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:156

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Disturbance in the lymphatic drainage during D2 dissection is associated with significant morbidity. We aimed to assess the effect of fibrin glue on the reduction of postoperative lymphatic leakage.

    Authors: Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh, Ehsanollah Rahimi-Movaghar, Ramesh Omranipour, Mohammad Shirkhoda, Amirmohsen Jalaeefar, Seyed Rouhollah Miri and Amirsina Sharifi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Abdominal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pseudocyst is an uncommon but important complication of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts. While individual articles have reported many cases of abdominal CSF pseudocyst foll...

    Authors: Hong-Cai Wang, Yi-Lei Tong, Shi-Wei Li, Mao-Song Chen, Bo-Ding Wang and Hai Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:154

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Situs inversus totalis is a rare anatomical variation of both the thoracic and the abdominal organs. Common bile duct strictures can be caused by malignant and benign diseases as well. 7–18% of the latter ones...

    Authors: K. Eitler, Z. Mathe, V. Papp, A. Zalatnai, A. Bibok, P. A. Deak, L. Kobori and G. Telkes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:153

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Inguinal hernia surgery is a frequent procedure among general surgeons in Costa Rica, but the management and technique are not uniform. The International Guideline for Groin Hernia management was published in ...

    Authors: Jesús Martínez-Hoed, Katherine Cordero-Bermúdez, Providencia García-Pastor, Salvador Pous-Serrano and José A. Ortiz-Cubero

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Our aim is to determine the relationships among patient demographics, patient history, surgical experience, and conversion rate (CR) during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LCs).

    Authors: Szabolcs Ábrahám, Tibor Németh, Ria Benkő, Mária Matuz, Dániel Váczi, Illés Tóth, Aurél Ottlakán, László Andrási, János Tajti., Viktor Kovács, József Pieler, László Libor, Attila Paszt, Zsolt Simonka and György Lázár

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:151

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Echinococcus is a worldwide zoonosis, primarily causing liver lesions. Accidentally detected, these lesions enter the differential diagnosis of a tumor, including metastasis. This situation is especially chall...

    Authors: Marionna Cathomas, Paolo Abitabile, Rok Dolanc, Christine Glaser and Gieri Cathomas

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:150

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Uniportal full endoscopic posterolateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (Endo-TLIF) with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is a promising, minimally invasive method for the treatment of lumbar spondy...

    Authors: Derong Xu, Shuo Han, Chao Wang, Kai Zhu, Chuanli Zhou and Xuexiao Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Bridge to elective surgery (BTS) using self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) is a common alternative to emergency surgery (ES) for acute malignant left-sided colonic obstruction (AMLCO). However, studies regardi...

    Authors: Yuepeng Cao, Qing Chen, Zhizhan Ni, Feng Wu, Chenshen Huang, Jinzhe Zhou, Songze Zhang, Bujun Ge and Qi Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Hepatobiliary mucinous cystic neoplasms (H-MCNs) are relatively rare cystic neoplasms in the liver. The differential diagnosis of H-MCNs remains big challenging, and the management and prognosis between the he...

    Authors: Jiaqi Gao, Junhao Zheng, Jingwei Cai, Mubarak Ali Kirih, Junjie Xu, Liye Tao, Yuelong Liang, Xu Feng, Jing Fang and Xiao Liang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:146

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Crohn’s disease (CD) recurrence can occur not only at the site of anastomosis but also elsewhere in the bowel following an ileocolic resection (ICR) procedure. The aims of the present study were to assess long...

    Authors: Hiroki Ikeuchi, Motoi Uchino, Toshihiro Bando, Yuki Horio, Ryuichi Kuwahara, Tomohiro Minagawa, Yoshiko Goto, Kurando Kusunoki, Masataka Ikeda, Naohito Beppu and Yoshio Takesue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Anterior decompression with fusion (ADF) has often been performed for degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) in patients with poor cervical spine alignment and/or anterior cord compression. We aimed to identif...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Inose, Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Atsushi Kimura, Katsushi Takeshita, Hirokazu Inoue, Asato Maekawa, Kenji Endo, Takeo Furuya, Akira Nakamura, Kanji Mori, Shunsuke Kanbara, Shiro Imagama, Shoji Seki, Shunji Matsunaga, Kunihiko Takahashi…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Ganglioneuroma (GN) is ranked by the International Neuroblastoma Pathology Classification as a benign tumor. It can occur anywhere along the sympathetic nerve chain and surgical excision is the treatment of ch...

    Authors: Wagner M. Tavares, Sabrina Araujo de Franca, Amsterdam S. Vasconcelos, David S. L. Parra, Sergio R. R. Araújo and Manoel J. Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:143

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The open-door laminoplasty is an effective procedure for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy. However, little information is available about the surgical results of open-door laminoplasty in the t...

    Authors: Zhi-Chao Wang, Shu-Zhong Li, Xin-Fei Qu, Chu-Qiang Yin, Yuan-Liang Sun, Yue-Lei Wang, Jie Wang, Chen-Jing Liu, Zhen-Lu Cao and Ting Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Proximal gastrectomy with double-tract reconstruction (DTR) has been used for upper third gastric cancer as a function-preserving procedure. However, the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic proximal gastrec...

    Authors: Shuo-meng Xiao, Ping Zhao, Zhi Ding, Rui Xu, Chao Yang and Xiao-ting Wu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:140

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There is a general agreement upon the importance of acquiring laparoscopic skills outside the operation room through simulation-based training. However, high-fidelity simulators are cost-prohibitive and elicit...

    Authors: Benjamin De Witte, Charles Barnouin, Richard Moreau, Arnaud Lelevé, Xavier Martin, Christian Collet and Nady Hoyek

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research article

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  23. So called “mycotic” aortic aneurysms account for only 0.7 to 1.3% of all aortic aneurysms and are commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella species. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), a live attenua...

    Authors: M. Buerger, S. Kapahnke, S. Omran, M. Schomaker, M. Rief, A. Greiner and J. P. Frese

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:138

    Content type: Case report

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  24. To analyze whether neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) could improve the survival for patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT). Both neoadjuvan...

    Authors: Jing Li, Qun Zhao, Xueke Ge, Yuzhi Song, Yuan Tian, Shuoshuo Wang, Ming Liu and Xueying Qiao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:137

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The best treatment for perforated colonic diverticulitis with generalized peritonitis is still under debate. Concurrent strategies are resection with primary anastomosis (PRA) with or without diverting ileosto...

    Authors: Maximilian Sohn, Ayman Agha, Igors Iesalnieks, Felix Gundling, Jaroslav Presl, Alfred Hochrein, Dario Tartaglia, Antonio Brillantino, Alexander Perathoner, Johann Pratschke, Felix Aigner and Paul Ritschl

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Increasing rates of breast cancer screening have been associated with an increasing frequency of non-palpable breast lesions detection. Preoperative breast lesion localization is essential for optimizing excis...

    Authors: Isaac Kim, Hee Jun Choi, Jai Min Ryu, Se Kyung Lee, Jong Han Yu, Jeong Eon Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Hyuk Jai Shin and Seok Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Gall bladder cancer (GBC) is the fifth most common malignancy in the gastrointestinal system and the most common malignancy of the biliary system. GBC is a very aggressive malignancy having a 5 year survival r...

    Authors: Lovenish Bains, Haraesh Maranna, Pawan Lal, Ronal Kori, Daljit Kaur, Varuna Mallya and Veerpal Singh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:133

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. To identify whether compliance with Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society recommendations is associated with length of stay (LOS) in a New Zealand hospital for patients undergoing segmental colectomy ...

    Authors: Simonette R. Mallard, Kari A. Clifford, R. Park, Kim Cousins, Ann Patton, John C. Woodfield and Mark Thompson-Fawcett

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:132

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Coronavirus Disease 2019 is affecting most countries around the world, including Poland. In response, all elective surgeries have been postponed. We asked patients and surgeons when they want bariatric surgery...

    Authors: Alicja Dudek, Michał Wysocki, Maciej Walędziak, Jacek Szeliga, Monika Proczko-Stepaniak, Michał Pędziwiatr and Piotr Major

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Reliable prediction of the preoperative risk is of crucial importance for patients undergoing aortic repair. In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the metabolic equivalent of task (MET) in the preop...

    Authors: Alicja Zientara, Igor Schwegler, Omer Dzemali, Hans Bruijnen, Alain Bernheim, Florian Dick and Nicolas Attigah

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:130

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Despite profound advances in conservative management of esophageal perforation, patients’ selection for this type of treatment requires expert clinical judgment. Surgical intervention has been historically int...

    Authors: Armin Amirian, Reza Shahriarirad, Parviz Mardani and Maryam Salimi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:129

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Neurofibromatosis comprises neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and type 2 (NF2). Major tumor type of NF1 are neurofibroma recognized as benign peripheral nerve tumor, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Hongfei Cai, Guangchao Lv and Yang Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:128

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Surgical training in the UK and Ireland has faced challenges following the implementation of the European Working Time Directive and postgraduate training reform. The health services are undergoing a digital t...

    Authors: Gemma Humm, Rhiannon L. Harries, Danail Stoyanov and Laurence B. Lovat

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:123

    Content type: Review

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  34. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is primary cancer of the liver with poor prognosis because of its high potential for recurrence and metastasis. We experienced a rare case of ICC with hematogenous metasta...

    Authors: Yoriko Nomura, Hisamune Sakai, Jun Akiba, Toru Hisaka, Toshihiro Sato, Yuichi Goto, Masanori Akashi, Shogo Fukutomi, Daisuke Muroya, Hiroki Kanno, Shusuke Okamura, Yuta Yano, Hirohisa Yano, Yoshito Akagi and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:122

    Content type: Case report

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  35. To investigate the readiness for hospital discharge of patients discharged with tubes from the department of hepatobiliary surgery and to explore the influencing factors.

    Authors: Jingyu Qian, Miaofang Qian, Yanyan Ren, Linyan Ye, Fangfang Qian, Linlin Jin, Lili Chen and Haixia Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Most of the head and neck cancers are time-critical and need urgent surgical treatment. Our unit is one of the departments in the region, at the forefront in treating head and neck cancers in Pakistan. We have...

    Authors: Haroon Ur Rashid, Mamoon Rashid, Nasir Khan, Shayan Shahid Ansari and Noshi Bibi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  37. During March and April 2020, reductions in non-COVID-19 hospital admissions were observed around the world. Elective surgeries, visits with general practitioners, and diagnoses of medical emergencies were cons...

    Authors: Ibrahim Abu Shakra, Maxim Bez, Samer Ganam, Rola Francis, Amir Muati, Amitai Bickel, Fahed Merei, Ziv Talmi, Khatib Kamal and Eli Kakiashvili

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  38. It is proposed a new running suture technique called Needle Adjustment Free (NAF) technique, or PAN suture. The efficiency and the safety were evaluated in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

    Authors: Jun-wei Pan, Xiang Zhang, Xing-wei Jin, Xiao Liu, Wei-chao Tu, Xian-jin Wang, Bao-xing Huang, Da Xu, Guo-liang Lu, Da-wei Wang, Xiang-hui Wang and Yuan Shao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:118

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  39. Osteopetrosis is a genetic disease characterized by defects in osteoclast formation and function. There were a few cases of subtrochanteric femur fractures treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS) in patients with...

    Authors: Haiqi Ding, Hongjiang Chen, Haiming Lin, Jiankun Xu, Zhonglian Huang, Wensheng Li and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:117

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 forced our healthcare system in the Bronx, New York to cancel nearly all scheduled surgeries. We developed a framework for prioritizing postponed urologic ...

    Authors: Ahmed Aboumohamed, Josh Gottlieb, Matthew DeMasi, Emily Barry, Alexander Sankin and Kara Watts

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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