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  1. There is limited evidence to clarify the specific relationship between preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (preop-eGFR) and postoperative 30-day mortality in Asian patients undergoing non-cardiac...

    Authors: Xueying Luo, Sujing Zheng, Baoer Liu, Liping Yang, Ya Li, Feng Li, Rui Gao, Haofei Hu and Jinsong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Cumulating evidence indicates that the systemic inflammatory response (SIR) plays a crucial role in the prognosis of various cancers. We aimed to generate a preoperative risk grade (PRG) by integrating SIR mar...

    Authors: Jianping Zhao, Yao Chen, Jingjing Wang, Jian Wang, Ying Wang, Songshan Chai, Yuxin Zhang, Xiaoping Chen and Wanguang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (PDAC) remains one of the most lethal malignancies. To date, no guidelines exists for isolated resectable metachronous disease. It is still unknown, which patients may ben...

    Authors: S. A. Safi, N. Lehwald-Tywuschik, A. Rehders, G. Fluegen, L. Haeberle, V. Keitel and W. T. Knoefel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Sigmoid volvulus is an uncommon problem in children and adolescents, and is rarely considered a diagnosis in this group. A high index of suspicion is necessary to reach a diagnosis and avoid morbidity and mort...

    Authors: Abay Wondimu Gosaye, Temesgen Setato Nane and Tihitena Mammo Negussie

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:109

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration (TFBA) is a critical disease in children and is extremely dangerous, even life-threatening. The factors affecting the occurrence and prognosis of TFBA are complex. The ...

    Authors: Weigang Gan, Ning Xiao, Yiyuan Feng, Danmei Zhou, Juanjuan Hu, Shixi Liu and Jian Zou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Peritoneal recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy occurs rarely, accounting for less than 1% of all recurrences. Reported causes of such dissemination include a history of rupture of th...

    Authors: Hikaru Hayashi, Akira Shimizu, Hiroaki Motoyama, Koji Kubota, Tsuyoshi Notake, Shinsuke Sugenoya, Kiyotaka Hosoda, Koya Yasukawa, Ryoichiro Kobayashi and Yuji Soejima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:107

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Early onset scoliosis (EOS) may cause malnutrition in affected patients. Growing-rod treatment has been an effective protocol for treating EOS. The objective of this study is to demonstrate whether growing-rod...

    Authors: Xingye Li, Zheng Li, Youxi Lin, Haining Tan, Chong Chen and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Recent studies suggest red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was a prognostic factor in various types of cancer patients, although the results are controversial. The objective of this study was to investigat...

    Authors: Xingchen Li, Qichen Chen, Xinyu Bi, Jianjun Zhao, Zhiyu Li, Jianguo Zhou, Zhen Huang, Yefan Zhang, Rui Mao, Hong Zhao and Jianqiang Cai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:105

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Breast augmentation with polyacrylamide gel (PAAG) injection was approved in China in 1998 and later banned in 2006. The ban ensued numerous complaints from patients such as pain, induration, deformation, infe...

    Authors: Bin Wang, Jiaming Sun and Jing Tong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:104

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are World Health Organization (WHO) grade I tumors, which are relatively common, and are benign lesions in children. PAs could originate from the cerebellum, optic pathways, and th...

    Authors: Zhuo-Ya Zhou, Xiao-Shu Wang, Yang Gong, Ode La Ali Musyafar, Jiao-Jiao Yu, Gang Huo, Jia-Min Mou and Gang Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Pancreatojejunostomy (PJ) is one of the most difficult and challenging abdominal surgical procedures. There are no appropriate training systems available outside the operating room (OR). We developed a structu...

    Authors: Kenichi Oshiro, Kazuhiro Endo, Kazue Morishima, Yuji Kaneda, Masaru Koizumi, Hideki Sasanuma, Yasunaru Sakuma, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Naohiro Sata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:102

    Content type: Technical advance

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  12. A pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare condition that is associated with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). Few reports have described managing PAVMs using uniportal video-assisted thorac...

    Authors: R. Li, Y. Zhou, S. Kang, F. Kong, L. Guan, Y. Zhao and X. Yin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:101

    Content type: Case report

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  13. It is important to understand the branching pattern of the celiac artery for a safe surgery. Various branching anomalies of the celiac artery were classified by Adachi in 1928. In Adachi’s classification, type...

    Authors: Takayoshi Kishino, Kensuke Kumamoto, Akihiro Kondo, Seiji Noge, Yasuhisa Ando, Jun Uemura, Hironobu Suto, Eisuke Asano, Minoru Oshima, Hisashi Usuki, Keiichi Okano and Yasuyuki Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:99

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The importance of platelets in the pathogenesis of metastasis formation is increasingly recognized. Although evidence from epidemiologic studies suggests positive effects of aspirin on metastasis formation, th...

    Authors: E. Pretzsch, J. G. D’Haese, B. Renz, M. Ilmer, T. Schiergens, R. C. Miksch, M. Albertsmeier, M. Guba, M. K. Angele, J. Werner and H. Nieß

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) with multiple pathological types is extremely rare in the clinic, but the recurrence rate and mortality these patients are high. At present, there is no standard...

    Authors: Shangqing Ren, Hualin Feng, Yige Bao, Yi Wei, Yong Ou, Yaoqian Wang, Qian Lv, Shan Zhong, Fang Zhou, Shida Fan, Qiang Wang, Cheng Luo, Zhengjun Chen, Yu Nie and Dong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:96

    Content type: Case report

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  16. The hexapod external fixator (HEF) is increasingly used for high-energy tibial shaft fracture care as more general orthopedic surgeons are gaining expertise of this versatile device. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Yanshi Liu, Jialin Liu, Maimaiaili Yushan, Zhenhui Liu, Tao Zhang, He Ma, Chuang Ma and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  17. During clinical practice we have noticed that some patients with hyperthyroidism have finer skin with less wrinkles, pores, and spots after thyroidectomy, and the improvement can be observed within a few weeks...

    Authors: Spencer C. H. Kuo, Faye Huang, Shun-Yu Chi, Hui-Ping Lin, Peng-Chen Chien and Ching-Hua Hsieh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Digitally designed surgical templates for minimally invasive temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery (MITMJS) are a promising tool for improving the safety of these procedures. Given the TMJ anatomy, the templat...

    Authors: Matthias Krause, Mohammad Kamal, Daniel Kruber, Dirk Halama, Thomas Hierl, Bernd Lethaus and Alexander K. Bartella

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:93

    Content type: Technical advance

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  19. Orbital solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare neoplasms. Recurrent, hypervascular, malignant variations of orbital SFTs have recently been noted and can present a surgical challenge.

    Authors: Xiawei Wang, Jianqin Shen, Hongguang Cui, Jianwei Pan, Xiaodong Teng, Min Yan, Shi Feng and Wei Ding

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:92

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The treatment of chronic pancreatitis requires a surgical approach in patients who are refractory to medical therapy. During surgical treatment, ductal decompression is required, but a pancreatectomy is necess...

    Authors: Kenta Saito, Yoichi Matsuo, Goro Ueda, Kan Omi, Yuichi Hayashi, Hiroyuki Imafuji, Ken Tsuboi, Mamoru Morimoto, Ryo Ogawa, Hiroki Takahashi, Itaru Naitoh, Kazuki Hayashi, Hiromi Kataoka and Shuji Takiguchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:91

    Content type: Technical advance

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  21. Primitive neuroectodermal tumours are clinically rare. Here, we report a case of a large peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the abdominal wall. The defect was reconstructed with the longest lateral...

    Authors: Xin Zhou, Pan You, Shuqing Huang, Xiang Li, Tongchun Mao, Anming Liu, Rongshuai Yan, Yiming Zhang, Wenlei Zhuo and Shaoliang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:90

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Mesenteric ischemia is associated with poor outcome and high overall mortality. The aim was to analyze an interdisciplinary treatment approach of vascular and visceral specialists focusing on the in-hospital o...

    Authors: Alicja Zientara, Anja-Rebeka Domenghino, Igor Schwegler, Hans Bruijnen, Annelies Schnider, Markus Weber, Stefan Gutknecht and Nicolas Attigah

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Junsong Liu, Xiaoxia Wang, Rui Wang, Chongwen Xu, Ruimin Zhao, Honghui Li, Shaoqiang Zhang and Xiaobao Yao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:85

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2020 20:4

  24. To explore the clinical safety and efficacy of single-stage posterior-only debridement, decompression, allograft bone using titanium mesh and interbody fusion combined for the treatment of thoracolumbar spinal...

    Authors: Wence Wu, Zhechen Li, Renqin Lin, Shenglin Wang and Jianhua Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:84

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The gut microbiota (GM) has been proposed as one of the main determinants of colorectal surgery complications and theorized as the “missing factor” that could explain still poorly understood complications. Her...

    Authors: Annamaria Agnes, Caterina Puccioni, Domenico D’Ugo, Antonio Gasbarrini, Alberto Biondi and Roberto Persiani

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:83

    Content type: Review

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  26. In recent years, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) has become a field of special interest for colorectal surgeons. Some researchers have reported transanal specimen extraction in the laparosc...

    Authors: Si Yu, Yong Ji, Tedong Luo, Pengjie Xu, Zuojun Zhen and Jianzhong Deng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The prognostic value of external vs internal pancreatic duct stents after pancreaticoduodenectomy remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of external and internal stents using the Fist...

    Authors: Yuancong Jiang, Qin Chen, Yi Shao, Zhenzhen Gao, Ming Jin, Bingqiang Gao, Bo Zhou and Sheng Yan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The occurrence of postoperative ileus leads to increased patient morbidity, longer hospitalization, and higher healthcare costs. No clear policy on postoperative ileus prevention exists. Therefore, we aim to e...

    Authors: Yosuke Namba, Yuzo Hirata, Shoichiro Mukai, Sho Okimoto, Seiji Fujisaki, Mamoru Takahashi, Toshikatsu Fukuda and Hideki Ohdan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  29. At present, the term mucocele is outdated, and mucinous appendiceal neoplasm is preferred. Mucinous appendiceal neoplasm is an uncommon pathology that occurs predominantly in middle-aged women. Its classificat...

    Authors: Belén Matias-García, Fernando Mendoza-Moreno, Ana Blasco-Martínez, José Ignacio Busteros-Moraza, Manuel Diez-Alonso and Francisca Garcia-Moreno Nisa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) which is a reasonable surgical approach for left-sided pancreatic cancer is emphasis on the complete resection of regional lymph nodes and tumor-free ...

    Authors: Ren-Chao Zhang, Xin-Jun Gan, Wei Song, Song-Tao Shi, Hui-Fang Yu and Yi-Ping Mou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  31. We compared the advantages and disadvantages of modified triangular anastomosis and tubular anastomosis for digestive tract reconstruction in patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of righ...

    Authors: Tianfang Xia, Zhenguo Pan, Jie Zhang and Guo Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Angular pregnancy is characterized as implant medial to the uterotubal junction in lateral angular of uterine. It was a rare obstetric complication with severe complications like uterine rupture and retained p...

    Authors: Yin Meichen, Fei Jing, Zhai Lingyun and Zhou Jianwei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:76

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Knot tying technique is an extremely important basic skill for all surgeons. Clinically, knot slippage or suture breakage will lead to wound complications. Although some previous studies described the knot-tyi...

    Authors: Kengo Harato, Mitsuru Yagi, Kazuya Kaneda, Yu Iwama, Akihiko Masuda, Yosuke Kaneko, Akihito Oya, Noboru Matsumura, Taku Suzuki, Robert Nakayama and Shu Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Intestinal failure (IF) is a rare but severe form of organ failure. The condition is defined as body’s inability to absorb adequate fluids, macronutrients and minerals for growth and development, so that intra...

    Authors: Kiarash Ashrafzadeh, Mojtaba Shafiekhani, Nazanin Azadeh, Maryam Esmaeili and Hamed Nikoupour

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:73

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Most hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients’ liver function indexes are abnormal. We aimed to investigate the relationship between (alkaline phosphatase + gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase)/lymphocyte ratio (AGLR...

    Authors: Yan Liao, Rongyu Wei, Renzhi Yao, Liling Qin, Jun Li, Junxiong Yu and Weijia Liao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The present study aims to assess the preliminary outcomes of the effectiveness of wrapping the ligamentum teres hepatis (LTH) around the gastroduodenal artery stump for the prevention of erosion hemorrhage aft...

    Authors: Lingwei Meng, He Cai, Yunqiang Cai, Yongbin Li and Bing Peng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Elective implant removal (IR) after fracture fixation is one of the most common procedures within (orthopedic) trauma surgery. The rate of surgical site infections (SSIs) in this procedure is quite high, espec...

    Authors: Fay R K Sanders, Diederick Penning, Manouk Backes, Siem A Dingemans, Susan van Dieren, Anne M Eskes, J Carel Goslings, Peter Kloen, Ron A A Mathôt, Niels W L Schep, Ingrid J B Spijkerman and Tim Schepers

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:69

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. The role of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) in a large adrenal tumor is controversial due to the risk of malignancy and technical difficulty. In this study, we compared the perioperative outcomes and complicat...

    Authors: Thanasit Prakobpon, Apirak Santi-ngamkun, Manint Usawachintachit, Supoj Ratchanon, Dutsadee Sowanthip and Kamol Panumatrassamee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Congenital primary inguinal hernia is a common condition among children. Although much literature regarding inguinal hernia is available, large scale analysis are few, and rarely do they expand on gender diffe...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Sarah Siyin Tan, Yue Xiao, Zengmeng Wang, Chunhui Peng, Wenbo Pang, Dongyang Wu and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Perianal/perineal rhabdomyosarcomas (PRMS) are easily misdiagnosed soft tissue tumours with a poor prognosis. This study was designed to analyze the clinical, diagnostic, pathological and prognostic features o...

    Authors: Yaoyu Guo, Bang Hu, Dandan Huang, Xinhua Wang, Juan Li, Di Zhang, Xueying Li, Gong Chen and Donglin Ren

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and kyphoplasty (PKP) have been widely used to treat neurologically intact osteoporotic Kümmell’s disease (KD), but it is still unclear which treatment is more advantageous. O...

    Authors: Shou-qian Dai, Rong-qing Qin, Xiu Shi and Hui-lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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