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  1. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has reached Poland on March 4th, 2020 and undoubtedly affected all areas of life and medical care, including bariatric care. The study was planned to identify the impact of the SARS-CoV...

    Authors: Piotr Major, Tomasz Stefura, Michał Wysocki, Piotr Małczak, Anna Rzepa, Monika Proczko-Stepaniak, Jacek Szeliga and Michał Pędziwiatr

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:314

    Content type: Research article

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  2. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, German health care centres were restructured for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. This was accompanied by the suspension of the surgical programme. The aim of...

    Authors: Christian Stöß, Marcella Steffani, Kay Kohlhaw, Claudia Rudroff, Ludger Staib, Daniel Hartmann, Helmut Friess and Michael W. Müller

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:313

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The common complications of radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy usually include wound infection, hemorrhage or hematomas, lymphocele, uretheral injury, ileus and incisional hernias. However, intern...

    Authors: Wen Ai, Zhihua Liang, Feng Li and Haihua Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:312

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), which often causes a common complication such as abdominal wall hernia, is a prevalent alternative therapy for end-stage renal failure patients. However, relev...

    Authors: Qiyu Chi, Zheng Shi, Zhibo Zhang, Chunzhong Lin, Guozhong Liu and Shangeng Weng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Although a larger proportion of colorectal surgeries have been performed laparoscopically in the last few years, a steep learning curve prevents us from considering laparoscopic colorectal surgery as the gold ...

    Authors: Ioannis G. Gkionis, Mathaios E. Flamourakis, Eleni S. Tsagkataki, Eleni I. Kaloeidi, Konstantinos G. Spiridakis, Georgios E. Kostakis, Athanasios K. Alegkakis and Manousos S. Christodoulakis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hemobilia occurs mainly due to iatrogenic factors such as impairment of the right hepatic or cystic artery, and/or common bile duct in hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery. However, little or no cases with hemobil...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Yoshida, Yuzo Umeda, Masaya Iwamuro, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Hironari Kato, Mayu Uka, Yusuke Matsui, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takashi Kuise, Kazuya Yasui, Kosei Takagi, Hiroyuki Araki, Takahito Yagi and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:307

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare but feared complication in hand surgery. Although multimodal therapy concepts are recommended, there is only low evidence on efficacy of such approaches. Further...

    Authors: D. Kotsougiani-Fischer, J. S. Choi, J. S. Oh-Fischer, Y. F. Diehm, V. F. Haug, L. Harhaus, E. Gazyakan, C. Hirche, U. Kneser and S. Fischer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:306

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Patient-related risk factors such as diabetes mellitus and obesity are increasing in western countries. At the same time the indications for liver resection in both benign and malignant diseases have been sign...

    Authors: Alexander Fischer, Juri Fuchs, Christos Stravodimos, Ulf Hinz, Adrian Billeter, Markus W. Büchler, Arianeb Mehrabi and Katrin Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Paragangliomas (PGLs) are extremely rare neuroendocrine tumours arising from extra-adrenal chromaffin cells. PGLs are clinically rare, difficult to diagnose and usually require surgical intervention. PGLs most...

    Authors: Yanliang Yang, Guangzhi Wang, Haofeng Lu, Yaqing Liu, Shili Ning and Fuwen Luo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:304

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Single parathyroid adenoma is the main cause of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), with surgery remaining the gold standard for its treatment. The ability to preoperatively predict the parathyroid adenoma siz...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis, Norbert Weyerbrock, Hubert Zirngibl and Cornelia Dotzenrath

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:303

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The incidence rate of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) has significantly increased over the past two decades. Surgery remains the only curative treatment. However, there are currently few s...

    Authors: Yiding Feng, Youhua Jiang, Qiang Zhao, Jinshi Liu, Hangyu Zhang and Qixun Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:302

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare clinical condition that is caused by a variety of underlying diseases. However, the factors that would permit accurate identification of bowel ischemia, requiring sur...

    Authors: Manato Fujii, Suguru Yamashita, Mayuko Tanaka, Jo Tashiro, Yoshiharu Takenaka, Kazuki Yamasaki and Yukiyoshi Masaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Large or complex trachea defects often require some tissue to reconstruct, various flaps have been reported for reconstructing this defect. However, pedicled thoracoacromial artery perforator flap have not bee...

    Authors: Di Deng, Feng Xu, Jifeng Liu, Bo Li, Linke Li, Jun Liu and Fei Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Liver metastasis (LIM) of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is associated with poor prognosis. The present study aimed at developing and validating nomogram to predict LIM in patients with GIST, thus helpi...

    Authors: Guowei Zhou, Keshuai Xiao, Guanwen Gong, Jiabao Wu, Ya Zhang, Xinxin Liu, Zhiwei Jiang and Chaoqun Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Leiomyosarcoma usually develops in the myometrium and is characterized by a high recurrence rate, frequent hematogenous dissemination, and poor prognosis. Metastasis is usually to lungs, liver, and bone, and o...

    Authors: Fiorella Cazzato, Angela D’Ercole, Graziano De Luca, Francesca B. Aiello and Adelchi Croce

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:297

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Sacrococcygeal teratomas are tumors originating from pluripotent embryonic germ cell layers located in the fetal coccyx. These tumors are highly vascular if they undergo malignant transformation. Typically, th...

    Authors: Esubalew T. Mindaye, Mulugeta Kassahun, Sarah Prager and Tesfaye H. Tufa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:295

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Laparoscopic surgery has achieved significant results in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we compared the short-term and long-term outcomes of open surgery and laparoscopic surgery...

    Authors: Yih-Jong Chern, Hsin-Yuan Hung, Jeng-Fu You, Yu-Jen Hsu, Jy-Ming Chiang, Pao-Shiu Hsieh and Wen-Sy Tsai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pulmonary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome that mainly occurs in patients with lung cancer. Most symptoms occur symmetrically, and unilateral symptoms without clubbing are ...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:293

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Currently, more than 30% of the population in the gulf demonstrate a body mass index (BMI) exceeding 30. This burden of obesity has proven to take a toll on the population; therefore, we created the first Kuwa...

    Authors: Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Taleb Jumaa, Jasim Al Abbad, Fareed Salam, Mustafa Abbas, Mubarak Al Kandari and Aws Al Ozairi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, originating from vascular endothelial cells, accounting for approximatively 1–2% of soft tissue sarcomas. It is characterized by a rapid proliferation and high metastati...

    Authors: Stefano Presacco, Amedea L. Agnes, Sabina Magalini, Arnaldo Carbone, Maurizio Martini and Annamaria Agnes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:291

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Adult hemiliver transplantation (AHLT) is an important approach given the current shortage of donor livers. However, the suitability of AHLT versus adult whole liver transplantation (AWLT) for recipients with ...

    Authors: LingXiang Kong, Tao Lv, Li Jiang, Jian Yang and Jiayin Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Schwannomas are nerve sheath tumors that commonly originate from the stomach and small intestine. A primary schwannoma of the diaphragm is rare and does not show any symptoms until it grows to a certain size. ...

    Authors: Ayako Kamiya, Yukinori Yamagata, Hiroshi Yoshida, Kenichi Ishizu, Takeyuki Wada, Tsutomu Hayashi, Sho Otsuki, Takaki Yoshikawa and Hitoshi Katai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:289

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The sternum is considered an unusual tumor site, corresponding to 15% of all thoracic wall tumors. Primary sternal tumors are even rarer and most commonly malignant. We present the case of a young man who cons...

    Authors: Liliana Fernández-Trujillo, Saveria Sangiovanni, Eliana I. Morales, Valeria Marin, Luz F. Sua and Mauricio Velasquez

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:288

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastrointestinal neoplasms can be technically difficult for trainee endoscopists. Presently, there is no consensus for trainees to select the endo-knife type in ESD. ...

    Authors: Ryoji Ichijima, Mitsuru Esaki, Shun Yamakawa, Yosuke Minoda, Sho Suzuki, Chika Kusano, Hisatomo Ikehara and Takuji Gotoda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP), including unilateral and bilateral, is most commonly used for cerebral protection in aortic surgery. There is still no consensus on the superiority of the two methods. Our r...

    Authors: Zhengqin Liu, Chen Wang, Xiquan Zhang, Shuming Wu, Changcun Fang and Xinyan Pang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:286

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The return of gastrointestinal function is an important sign of postoperative recovery in patients undergoing surgery with general anaesthesia. We aimed to summarize the effects of stellate ganglion block on t...

    Authors: Bei Wen, Yajie Wang, Cong Zhang and Zhijian Fu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The indocyanine green (ICG) clearance test is the main method of evaluating the liver reserve function before hepatectomy. However, some patients may be allergic to ICG or the equipment of ICG clearance test w...

    Authors: Jinli Zheng, Wei Xie, Yang Huang, Yunfeng Zhu and Li Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Gardner syndrome is a subtype of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), characterized by a combination of adenomatous intestinal polyps and extracolonic lesions such as multiple osteomas, dental abnormalities, ...

    Authors: Liquan Jin, Yunbo Tan, Ziting Su, Shan Huang, Sita Pokhrel, Hongbo Shi and Yiming Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:282

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Bezoars are collections of indigestible material in the gastrointestinal tract, mostly described in children. Polyurethane “plastobezoars” consisting of composites used in the construction industry are rarely ...

    Authors: Krzysztof Ziaja, Jerzy Chudek, Aleksander Chlubek, Mariola Sznapka, Tomasz Toborek and Damian Ziaja

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:281

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Ewing sarcoma (ES) or primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) represents a spectrum of poorly differentiated and aggressive malignancies. It rarely arises from the kidney and accounts for less than 1% of renal...

    Authors: Li Cheng, Yujie Xu, Hong Song, Houbao Huang and Dong Zhuo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:280

    Content type: Case report

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  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: G. Gallo, S. Di Saverio, G. Clerico, A . Sturiale, M. Manigrasso, A. Realis Luc, M. Trompetto and G. Sammarco

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:277

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2020 20:251

  32. Vision is an essential element of laparoscopic surgery that defines the outcome of an operation in regards to time, mistakes and precision. A 3-dimensional (3D) perspective may improve vision during an operati...

    Authors: Tibor Andrea Zwimpfer, Dominik Lacher, Bernhard Fellmann-Fischer and Michael Mueller

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Obesity is a growing public health concern in most western countries. More and more patients with high body mass index (BMI) are undergoing surgical procedures of all kinds and, in this context, obese patients...

    Authors: Gian Luigi Canu, Fabio Medas, Federico Cappellacci, Michele Guido Podda, Giorgio Romano, Enrico Erdas and Pietro Giorgio Calò

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The uncut Roux-en-y anastomosis (URYA) has some clinical advantages after distal gastrectomy (DG). Little evidence exists regarding the influence of peristalsis on this anastomosis. We aimed to evaluate short-...

    Authors: Cui Hangtian, Huang Huabing, Luo Tianhang, Yin Xiaoyi and Fang Guoen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:274

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Metastatic germ cell cancer of the testis is characterized by favorable prognosis since effective treatment methods are available even in cases of extensive disease. Retroperitoneal masses frequently encroach ...

    Authors: S. Hulova, R. Aziri, I. Vulev, P. Palacka, G. Kolnikova, K. Rejlekova, M. Chovanec, J. Mardiak, D. Pindak and M. Mego

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:272

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Liver resection (LR) and enucleation (EN) are the main surgical treatment for giant hepatic hemangioma (HH), but how to choose the type of surgery is still controversial. This study aimed to explore the effica...

    Authors: Mingguang Ju, Feng Xu, Wenyan Zhao and Chaoliu Dai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This study sought to investigate the clinical characteristics of congenital diaphragmatic eventration (CDE) and to compare the efficacies of thoracoscopy and traditional open surgery in infants with CDE.

    Authors: Shengliang Zhao, Zhengxia Pan, Yonggang Li, Yong An, Lu Zhao, Xin Jin, Jian Fu and Chun Wu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Atlantoaxial fusion has been widely used for the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI). However, atlantoaxial fusion sacrifices the motion of atlantoaxial articulation, and postoperative loss of cervical...

    Authors: Byeong Jin Ha, Yu Deok Won, Je Il Ryu, Myung-Hoon Han, Jin Hwan Cheong, Jae Min Kim, Hyoung-Joon Chun, Koang-Hum Bak and In-Suk Bae

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:269

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Wound healing and scar quality after trauma are subject to impairment through excessive wound healing, chronic wound or even surgical site infections. Optimizing the process of scar formation and skin healing ...

    Authors: Laura K. Berninghausen, Georg Osterhoff, Stefan Langer and Lukas H. Kohler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) with rectal ulcer is a common complication after pelvic malignancy radiation, and gradually deteriorating ulcers will result in severe complications such as fistula. The aim o...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Huang, Qinghua Zhong, Huaiming Wang, Jie Zhao, Yingyi Kuang, Qi Guan, Yanjiong He, Qiyuan Qin, Hui Wang and Tenghui Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The long-term complication rates of open repair and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) have not yet been determined. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the long-term outcomes and aortic reinterven...

    Authors: Shin-Ah Son, Hanna Jung and Joon Yong Cho

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Angiodysplasia of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare vascular pathology that sometimes causes massive hemorrhage. Angiodysplasias are particularly difficult to find in the small intestine for anatomical reas...

    Authors: Hitoshi Hara, Soji Ozawa, Kazuhito Nabeshima and Jun Koizumi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:262

    Content type: Case report

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