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Table 3 Operative variables and postoperative recovery

From: A preliminary multicenter evaluation of endoscopic sublay repair for ventral hernia from China

  N = 153
Procedure
 TES 135 (88.2%)
 TAS 18 (11.8%)
TVS-TES 19 (12.4%)
SILS-TES 12 (7.84%)
Hernia sac management
 Reduction 84 (54.9%)
 Transection 69 (45.1%)
TAR
 Without 127 (83.0%)
 Unilateral 15 (9.80%)
 Bilateral 11 (7.19%)
Defect closure
 No 7 (4.58%)
 Suture (including barbed) 73 (47.7%)
 Passer 69 (45.1%)
 Passer + suture 4 (1.96%)
Mesh size (cm2) 150 (100–750) (135–225)
Mesh fixation
 No 63 (41.2%)
 Temporary 62 (40.5%)
  Self-adhesive mesh 33 (21.6%)
  Glue 29 (19.0%)
 Permanent 28 (18.3%)
  Tack 22 (14.4%)
  Transfascial 6 (3.92%)
Estimated blood loss (ml) 20 (10–100) (10–30)
Operative time (min) 135 (50–440) (115–180)
Drainage 89 (58.2%)
Drainage removal (days) a 3 (1–10) (3–4)
Diet recovery (days) 1 (0.25–4) (0.25–2)
VASb 48 h
 Mild (1–3) 138(90.2%)
 Moderate (4–6) 15 (9.8%)
 Severe (7–10) 0 (0%)
Postoperative hospital stays (days) 3 (1–10) (2–4)
  1. a n = 91
  2. b visual analog scale (VAS) score (0–10)